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OA12 - SBRT and Other Issues in Early Stage NSCLC (ID 383)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Early Stage NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
OA12.01 - Phase II Randomized Study of 2 SBRT Regimens for Medically Inoperable Patients with Node Negative Peripheral NSCLC (ID 4342)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): G.M.M. Videtic
This phase II, multi-institutional (Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic, and Upstate Medical Center) randomized study was conducted to compare incidence of RTOG grade 3 or higher adverse events (AEs) associated with 2 different, established SBRT regimens for NSCLC
Patients with documented baseline medical conditions precluding lobectomy and biopsy-proven peripheral (greater than 2 cm from the central bronchial tree) T1/T2, N0 (clinically node negative by PET), M0 tumors were eligible. Patients were randomized to receive either 30 Gy in one fraction (arm 1) or 60 Gy in 3 fractions (arm 2) over at least 8 days. Heterogeneity corrections were not used. Randomization was stratified by treatment center and Karnofsky performance status (100, 90, 80 and below.) The study was designed to detect whether psAEs rate > 17% at a 5% significance level (1-sided) and 81% power. Secondary endpoints included: local control, greater than 1 year toxicity, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).
The study opened in September 2008, was suspended between April 2010 to June 2010 as well as October 2010 to April 2011 while RTOG 0915 was open, and closed on April 15, 2015 after accruing a total of 98 patients. All patients received planned SBRT treatment. Median follow-up was 27 months. In follow-up, 10 patients were lost to follow-up; 1 was in arm 1 and 9 in arm 2. Baseline patient and tumor characteristics were balanced between both arms. On arm 1, 13 (27%) patients and 16 (33%) patients on arm 2 experienced RTOG grade 3 AEs, there were no grade 4 AEs. Thoracic grade 3 AEs were experienced by 8 (16%) patients on arm 1 and 6 (12%) patients on arm 2. There were no differences in OS or PFS survival, logrank p= 0.44 and 0.99 respectively. OS at 2 years was 71% (95% CI, 55-82%) for arm 1 and 61% (95% CI, 44-78%) for arm 2. PFS at 1 year was 63% (95% CI, 46-75%) for arm 1 and 51% (95% CI, 34-65%) for arm 2.
This randomized phase II study demonstrated that 30 Gy in one fraction was equivalent to 60 Gy in three fractions in terms of toxicity, progression free survival and overall survival. Acknowledgment: Supported by Roswell Park Alliance Foundation grant
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