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M. Ladanyi

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    OA11 - Angiogenesis in Advanced Lung Cancer (ID 387)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Oral Session
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      OA11.05 - A Phase 2 Study of Cabozantinib for Patients with Advanced RET-Rearranged Lung Cancers (ID 5731)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): M. Ladanyi

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      RET rearrangements are actionable drivers found in 1-2% of non-small cell lung cancers. We previously reported the efficacy and safety of the multikinase RET inhibitor cabozantinib in 16 patients with RET-rearranged lung cancers in the first stage of our Simon two-stage phase 2 clinical trial (overall response rate 38%; Drilon, ASCO 2015). This study has since completed accrual of both stages, now with 26 patients treated with cabozantinib.

      This was an open-label, single center, phase 2 trial (NCT01639508). Eligibility criteria: stage IV pathologically-confirmed lung cancers, presence of a RET rearrangement, KPS >70%, and measurable disease. RET rearrangements were detected by FISH or next-generation sequencing. Cabozantinib was administered in tablet form at 60 mg daily until progression of disease or unacceptable toxicity. The primary objective was to determine the overall response rate (ORR, RECIST v1.1). Secondary objectives included determining progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity. 5 responses in 25 response-evaluable patients were required to meet the primary endpoint (Simon two-stage minimax design: H~0~ 10% vs H~A~ 30% ORR). All patients who received at least one dose of cabozantinib were evaluable for toxicity.

      26 patients with RET-rearranged lung adenocarcinomas were treated with cabozantinib. KIF5B-RET was the predominant fusion type identified in 16 (62%) patients. The median number of prior chemotherapy lines was 1 (0-5). One patient who discontinued therapy in cycle 1 and did not undergo a response assessment was not response-evaluable as per protocol. The study met its primary endpoint with confirmed partial responses observed in 7 (ORR 28% [95% CI 12-49%]) of 25 response-evaluable patients. The median PFS was 5.5 months (95% CI 3.8-8.4). The median OS was 9.9 months (95% CI 8.1-not reached). Response by RET fusion partner: Unknown (FISH+) 2/6 (33%), KIF5B 3/15 (20%), CLIP1 1/1, TRIM33 1/1, CCDC6 0/1, ERC1 0/1. In 26 patients evaluable for toxicity, the most common all-grade treatment-related adverse events were increased alanine aminotransferase in 25 (96%) patients, increased aspartate aminotransferase in 19 (73%) patients, hypothyroidism in 18 (69%) patients, diarrhea in 16 (62%) patients, and palmar plantar erythrodysesthesia in 15 (58%) patients. Nineteen (73%) patients required dose reduction.

      This study met its primary endpoint. Cabozantinib is an active agent in patients with RET-rearranged lung cancers. An improved understanding of tumor biology and novel therapeutic approaches will be required to improve outcomes with RET-directed therapy.

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