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X. Yang



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    MA17 - Genetic Drivers (ID 409)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Biology/Pathology
    • Presentations: 1
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      MA17.05 - Evolutionary Trajectories of Molecular Progression in Different Subtypes of Primary Lung Adenocarcinomas (ID 5712)

      14:20 - 15:50  |  Author(s): X. Yang

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Morphological and genetic heterogeneity predict prognostics, impede continuous responses to systemic regimens and foster inevitable treatment failure. But how morphological and genetic features evolve in tumorigenesis still remains controversial.

      Methods:
      Single(n=1112) and multiple(n=91) primary adenocarcinoma patients receiving surgeries with specific prominent subtypes were screened. Six patients with mixed ground glass opacities and maximum cross-sections of primary tumors were randomly selected. Intra-tumoral regions with different subtypes and imaging densities related to relative distributions, were resected for target region sequencing and further molecular evolutionary analyses.

      Results:
      Clinical data revealed certain preferences of driver gene mutations and discrepant survival benefits. Driver gene heterogeneity was higher in multiple primary lung cancers(51.7%, 15/29) than single ones(1.4%, 1/70). Copy number alterations implied more consistence within the same subtype and tended to be higher in lepidic subtype. Somatic nucleotide variants revealed highest homogeneity between different regions within the same tumor lesion. Sequencing data indicated larger fractions of geographically ubiquitous mutations than pathologically ones, and higher mutation frequencies of shared mutations in the lepidic than acinar subtype. Phylogenetic trees exhibited higher geographically private mutation burdens of lepidic than acinar region in lesions with mixed subtypes; while in lesions with the same subtype, the central region bore higher mutation burdens than in the periphery, implying a linear accumulation of genetic mutations. Functional analyses of private mutations verified that lepidic subtypes promoted intracellular organism and structure development, promoting growth and proliferation. Acinar subtypes lead to metabolic and signaling transduction pathway. Preferences of divergent pathway alterations delineated branched evolutions from low to higher grade subtypes. Figure 1



      Conclusion:
      We propose a model that the same morphological subtype evolves with a linear accumulation and mixed subtypes in branched evolutionary trajectories with preferences to pathway alterations. Couple with relatively geological distributions of different subtypes, tumor microenvironment might contribute more to genetic instability and thus tumor evolutions.

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    OA09 - Locally Advanced NSCLC: Innovative Treatment Strategies (ID 384)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Oral Session
    • Track: Locally Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      OA09.03 - Randomized Controlled Study Comparing Adjuvant versus Neo-Adjuvant Chemotherapy  in Resectable Stage IB to IIIA NSCLC (ID 5843)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): X. Yang

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Adjuvant chemotherapy is the standard of care for completely resected stage II-IIIa non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A few trials suggest that neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a promising strategy for resectable NSCLC. Indirect comparison meta-analysis of adjuvant versus neoadjuvant therapy showed no difference in survival. This study was conducted to determine the difference of disease-free survival(DFS) between adjuvant chemotherapy and neoadjuvant chemotherapy among patients with resectable NSCLC.

      Methods:
      Patients with clinical stage IB-IIIA NSCLC were eligible. Patients were randomly assigned to 3 cycles adjuvant DC (Docetaxel: 75mg/m2, Carboplatin:AUC=5 on day 1, every 3wk) after completely resection (lobectomy or pneomonectomy with mediastinal lymphnode dissection, or 3 cycles neoadjuvant DC at the same schedule followed by surgery 3-6 wk after chemotherapy. The primary end point was 3 years DFS; secondary end points were 3ys and 5ys Overall Survival(OS) and Safety. Planned sample size is 410. The trail was early closed because slowly accrued.

      Results:
      Between March 2006 and May 2011,198 patients from 8 Institute were randomized to neoadjuvant arm (97 cases) or adjuvant arm (101 cases). The median age was 58, male accounted for 80.3%, Adenocarcinoma 48.5%, stage Ib, II a, II b and IIIa were 32.5%, 12.2%, 28.4% and 26.9% respectively. Two arms were balanced. 100% cases received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and 87.4% finished the planned adjuvant chemotherapy. No unexpected toxicities were seen and 41.2% of patients experienced grade 3-4 neutropenia. In neoadjuvant arm, the ORR was 34% and 12.4% patients developed PD. No difference in postoperative complication was found between two arms. Survival analysis show in Table 1.Figure 1



      Conclusion:
      Adjuvant or neo-adjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel plus carboplatin in resectable clinical stage IB-IIIA NSCLC are feasible and safe. The final results showed no difference in 3ys DFS and OS between two arms. Long term survival in Adjuvant arm show the tendency of superior to neoadjuvant arm.

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