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MA08 - Treatment Monitoring in Advanced NSCLC (ID 386)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MA08.03 - Osimertinib vs Platinum-Pemetrexed for T790M-Mutation Positive Advanced NSCLC (AURA3): Plasma ctDNA Analysis (ID 4733)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): T. Hsia
AURA3 (NCT02151981) is a Phase III, open-label, randomised study assessing the efficacy and safety of osimertinib, a T790M directed EGFR-TKI, vs platinum-based doublet chemotherapy in patients with EGFR T790M-positive advanced NSCLC, whose tumours progressed on previous EGFR-TKI therapy. Concordance between plasma and tissue testing, and efficacy outcomes by baseline plasma T790M status, were evaluated.
Eligible patients were randomised 2:1 to osimertinib 80 mg orally once daily or platinum-pemetrexed (pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 + cisplatin 75 mg/m2 or carboplatin AUC5) every three weeks for up to six cycles. Patients were tumour tissue T790M-positive (by cobas[®] EGFR Mutation Test v2) from a biopsy after disease progression prior to study entry. Blood samples were taken at baseline for retrospective analysis of T790M mutation status by plasma ctDNA using the cobas[®] EGFR Mutation Test v2.
Concordance data are reported in the table. Within the intent-to-treat (ITT) population (n=419), patients plasma T790M-positive and randomised to treatment (n=172) had markedly improved progression-free survival (PFS) by investigator assessment (IA) with osimertinib vs platinum-pemetrexed: hazard ratio 0.42 (95% CI: 0.29, 0.61); median 8.2 vs 4.2 months. Objective response rate (ORR) by IA was also distinctly improved with osimertinib vs platinum-pemetrexed: 77% vs 39% (odds ratio 4.96 [95% CI: 2.49, 10.15]; p<0.001). This is consistent with the ITT population: PFS hazard ratio 0.30 (95% CI: 0.23, 0.41); p<0.001 (median 10.1 vs 4.4 months); ORR 71% vs 31% (odds ratio 5.39 [95% CI: 3.47, 8.48]; p<0.001). Figure 1
In plasma T790M-positive patients the clinical benefit of osimertinib was superior to platinum-pemetrexed, consistent with the ITT T790M-positive population selected by tumour tissue test. PFS with osimertinib was similar regardless of selection by tissue or plasma T790M-positive status. Based on these, and AURA Phase II data, routine biopsy testing is recommended for patients with a plasma T790M-negative test where feasible.
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