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S. Yurasov



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    MA08 - Treatment Monitoring in Advanced NSCLC (ID 386)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      MA08.01 - A Highly Sensitive Next-Generation Sequencing Platform for Detection of NSCLC EGFR T790M Mutation in Urine and Plasma (ID 4637)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): S. Yurasov

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Non-invasive genotyping of NSCLC patients by circulating tumor (ct)DNA is a promising alternative to tissue biopsies. However, ctDNA EGFR analysis remains challenging in patients with intrathoracic disease, with a reported 26-57% T790M mutation detection rate in plasma (Karlovich et al., Clin Cancer Res 2016; Wakelee et al., ASCO 2016). We investigated whether a mutation enrichment NGS could improve mutation detection in plasma and urine from TIGER-X, a phase 1/2 study of rociletinib in patients with EGFR mutation-positive advanced NSCLC.

      Methods:
      The therascreen (Qiagen) or cobas (Roche) EGFR test was used for EGFR T790M analysis in tumor biopsies. Urine and plasma were analyzed by trovera mutation enrichment NGS assay (Trovagene).

      Results:
      Of 174 matched tissue, plasma and urine specimens, 145 (83.3%) were T790M+ by central tissue testing, 142 (81.6%) were T790M+ by plasma, and 139 (79.9%) were T790M+ by urine. Urine and plasma combined identified 165 cases (94.8%) as T790M+. Of 25 cases positive by ctDNA but negative/inadequate by tissue, 16 were double-positive in plasma and urine, unlikely to be false positive (Figure 1). T790M detection rate was higher for extrathoracic (n=119) vs intrathoracic (n=55) disease in plasma (87.4% vs 69.1%, p=0.006) but not urine (81.5% vs 76.4%, p=0.42). Combination of urine and plasma identified T790M in 92.7% of intrathoracic and 95.8% of extrathoracic cases (p=0.47). In T790M+ patients, objective response rate was similar whether T790M mutation was identified by tissue, plasma or urine: 37.4%, 33.1% and 36.6%, respectively. 4 of 9 patients T790M+ by urine but negative by tissue responded, and 2 of 8 patients T790M+ by plasma but negative by tissue responded.

      Conclusion:
      Mutation enrichment NGS testing by urine and plasma combined identified 94.8% of T790M+ cases. Combination of urine and plasma may be considered before tissue testing in EGFR TKI resistant NSCLC, including patients without extrathoracic metastases. Figure 1



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