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E.K. Cho



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    MA07 - ALK-ROS1 in Advanced NSCLC (ID 385)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      MA07.07 - Ceritinib in ROS1-Rearranged Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: An Update of Korean Nationwide Phase II Study (ID 5953)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): E.K. Cho

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      ROS1 rearrangement is a distinct molecular subset of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the efficacy and safety of ceritinib in patients with ROS1-rearranged NSCLC.

      Methods:
      We enrolled 32 patients with advanced NSCLC who tested positive for ROS1 rearrangement by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). ROS1 immunohistochemistry (IHC) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) was performed in available tumor samples. Ceritinib 750mg was administered once daily and the primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) by central independent radiologic review. The secondary endpoints included disease control rate (DCR), duration of response, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), toxicity and concordance between FISH and IHC. ROS1 fusion partners were identified with the use of next-generation sequencing (NGS) in available tumor samples.

      Results:
      Between June 7, 2013, and February 1, 2016, a total of 404 patients underwent ROS1 prescreening, and 32 ROS1+ (by FISH) patients were enrolled. All patients except two (who did not respond to ceritinib) were crizotinib naïve. The median age of all patients was 62 years, and there were 24 females (75%). The majority of patients (84%) were never smokers, and all had adenocarcinoma histology. The median number of previous treatments before study enrollment was 3 (range, 2-7) and 17 (53%) patients had received three or more lines of chemotherapy. At the time of the data cut-off (April 18, 2016), the median follow-up was 7.5 months, and 15 (47%) patients had discontinued treatment. Of the 32 patients enrolled, 28 patients were evaluable for response by independent radiologic review. ORR was 63% (95% CI, 45.7-79.3), with 1 complete response and 19 partial responses. The median duration of response was 10.0 months (range, 0.4+-18.4+). Among 11 tumors that were tested by NGS, we identified 7 ROS1 fusion partners including ROS1-CD74, ROS1-SLC34A2, and ROS1-EZR. The median progression-free survival was 19.3 months (95% CI, 7.2-not reached), with 17 (53%) patients still in follow-up for progression. The median overall survival was not reached at the time of the data cut-off. Of 5 patients with retrospectively confirmed brain metastases, intracranial disease control was reported in 4 patients (80%). Gastrointestinal adverse events (vomiting, nausea, diarrhea) mostly grade 1-2, were the most frequent adverse events (80%); these events were manageable.

      Conclusion:
      Ceritinib demonstrated potent clinical activity in patients with advanced, ROS1-rearranged NSCLC, who received at least one prior line of platinum-based chemotherapy. ROS1 rearrangement defines a second molecular subgroup of NSCLC for which ceritinib is highly active (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01964157).

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    P2.03a - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 464)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Poster Presenters Present
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 2
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      P2.03a-037 - Prognosis of Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Refractory to First-Line Platinum Chemotherapy (ID 5320)

      14:30 - 15:45  |  Author(s): E.K. Cho

      • Abstract

      Background:
      Platinum based chemotherapy is a standard treatment for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without EGFR mutation or ALK translocation. However, some patients show no response to 1st line treatment. In this study we investigated characteristics and treatment outcome of salvage treatment in these population of advanced NSCLC primary refractory to 1st line chemotherapy including platinum.

      Methods:
      We investigated consecutive patients with NSCLC stage IIIB-IV who received platinum-doublet chemoherapy as a first line treatment between 2014-2015 in a single center. Primary refractory NSCLC was defined as progressive disease(PD) according to RECIST criteria at the first evaluation. Survival was estimated by Kaplan-meier method.

      Results:
      Among 102 patients without known EGFR mutation or ALK translocation who received platinum doublet as 1st line, 13 patients (12.7%) showed PD on the first evaluation of tumor response. Median age was 68 years (range 30 -84 years). Five patients had adenocarcinoma, one squamous cell carcinoma, one sarcomatoid carcinoma, and the other five had other histology. First chemotherapy regimen included pemetrexed (n=6), gemcitabine (n=6), and paclitaxel (n=1). Eight of 13 patients received subsequent salvage chemotherapy (gemcitabine based in four, taxane based in three, etoposide+ifosfamide+cisplatin in one) and no one had objective response. Three patients had stable disease, one patient showed PD to subsequent chemotherapy, and response could not be evaluated in the other four patients. Median overall survival of the 13 patients was 3.2 months (95% confidence interval 2.3 - 4.1 months).

      Conclusion:
      NSCLC which is primarily refractory to 1st line platinum based chemotherapy had poor survival. The efficacy of other cytotoxic chemotherapy regimen as a salvage treatment was limited. Studies to find an optimal salvage treatment strategy in this population are needed.

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      P2.03a-038 - Phase III Trial of Pemetrexed/Carboplatin vs Pemetrexed Only in Chemo-Naïve Elderly Non-SQCC NSCLC Patients Aged ≥ 70 (ID 5036)

      14:30 - 15:45  |  Author(s): E.K. Cho

      • Abstract

      Background:
      We aimed to compare pemetrexed/carboplatin doublet (PC) versus pemetrexed singlet (P) as induction therapy in chemotherapy-naïve elderly patients aged 70 or more with advanced non-squamous non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0 or 1.

      Methods:
      In this open-label multicenter phase III randomized trial, elderly patients aged 70 or more with advanced non-squamous NSCLC, ECOG PS of 0-1, no prior chemotherapy, adequate organ function and measurable disease were assigned to PC doublet (P, 500 mg/m2; C, area under the curve of 5) or P singlet (500 mg/m2) after stratified randomization according to center, gender and Charson Comorbidity Index (CCI). The treatment was given every 3 weeks till disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal of consent. However, carboplatin was given for only the first four cycles during induction therapy period. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included overall survival, response rate, and safety.

      Results:
      A total of 267 eligible patients were enrolled from six centers between March 2012 and October 2015; median age was 74 years (70~86); 95% had PS of 1; 68% were men; and 61% had CCI of 1 or more. The median PFS was 5.4 months for PC doublet and 4.2 months for P singlet, respectively (hazard ratio [HR], 0.85; 95% CI, 0.65 to 1.11; P= 0.2353). The median survival time was 12.5 months for PC and 9.0 months for P, respectively (HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.62 to 1.21; P =0.4108). The objective response rates for PC doublet and P singlet were 34.7% and 25.9%, respectively (p=0.1387). The most common adverse events in PC doublet arm were anemia (9.6%), fatigue (8%) and pneumonia (6.4%) while those in P singlet arm were pneumonia (4.2%), fatique (3.3%) and anemia (2.5%) in descending of frequency.

      Conclusion:
      The addition of carboplatin to pemetrexed during induction therapy period did not show the improvement of survival time in elderly patients aged 70 or more with advanced non-squamous NSCLC and ECOG PS of 0-1 even though it increased the response rate numerically. Updated data will be presented.

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    P3.02b - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 494)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Poster Presenters Present
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      P3.02b-053 - A Randomized, Open Label, Phase II Study Comparing Pemetrexed plus Cisplatin versus Pemetrexed Alone in EGFR Mutant NSCLC after EGFR-TKI: QOL Data (ID 5401)

      14:30 - 15:45  |  Author(s): E.K. Cho

      • Abstract

      Background:
      Various therapeutic strategies are available for NSCLC patients who develop disease progression on first-line EGFR-TKI. Platinum doublet is usually recommended, however, it has not been established which cytotoxic regimens are preferable for these patients. We conducted a prospective randomized phase II trial to compare the clinical outcomes between pemetrexed plus ciplatin combination therapy with pemetrexed monotherapy after failure of first-line EGFR-TKI.

      Methods:
      Patients with non-squamous NSCLC harboring activating EGFR mutation who have progressed on first-line EGFR-TKI were randomly assigned in a ratio of 1:1 to pemetrexed plus cisplatin or pemetrexed alone. Patients were treated with pemetrexed 500 mg/m[2] and cisplatin 70 mg/m[2] for four cycles, followed by maintenance pemetrexed as single agent every 3 weeks or treated with pemetrexed 500 mg/m[2] monotherapy every 3 weeks until progression. Primary objective wasPFS, and secondary objectives include overall response rate (ORR), OS, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), safety and toxicity profile. The HRQOL was assessed every 2 cycles by using EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-LC13.

      Results:
      96 patients were randomized and 91 patients were treated at 14 centers in Korea. The characteristics of pemetrexed plus cisplatin (PC) arm (N=48) and pemetrexed alone (P) arm (N=48) were well balanced; the median age was 60 vs. 64 years old; 37 vs. 33 patients were females; 39 vs. 43 patients were ECOG PS 1. The ORR of PC arm (N=46) was 34.8% (16/46), while P arm (N=45) was 17.8% (8/45). With 20.4 (range 4.1-33.4) months of follow-up, the median PFS was 5.4 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.5-6.3) in PC arm and 6.4 months (95% CI, 3.6-9.2) in P arm (p=.313). One-year survival rate was 77% for PC arm, 68% for P arm, respectively. The most common adverse events include anorexia (N=34, 37.4%), nausea (N=24, 26.4%), neuropathy (N=10, 11.0%) and skin change (N=10, 11.0%). Adverse events ≥ Grade 3 were in 12 patients (26.1%) in PC arm and 8 patients (17.8%) in P arm. Dose reduction (5 vs. 2 patients) and dose delay (10 vs. 4 patients) were required more often in PC arm. With 385 pairs of questionnaire of EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLO-LC13 obtained from 94 patients, overall, the time trends of HRQOL were not significantly different between two arms. Further analysis of survival data will be updated.

      Conclusion:
      Pemetrexed plus cisplatin combination therapy showed higher response rate than pemetrexed monotherapy without significant difference in PFS. There was no significant difference in quality of life between two arms.