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MA07 - ALK-ROS1 in Advanced NSCLC (ID 385)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MA07.05 - EUCROSS: A European Phase II Trial of Crizotinib in Advanced Adenocarcinoma of the Lung Harboring ROS1 Rearrangements - Preliminary Results (ID 4451)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): P. Schmalz
ROS1 rearrangements are present in the tumors of 1-2% of patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LAD). This patient subgroup is characterized by non-smoking history and younger than average age compared to the overall NSCLC population. In a phase I trial the ALK/ROS1/MET inhibitor crizotinib has shown to be highly effective in these patients (NCT00585195). EUCROSS is a prospective phase II trial of the Lung Cancer Group Cologne in collaboration with the Spanish Lung Cancer Group to evaluate crizotinib in ROS1-positive LAD. Here, we present preliminary data on efficacy and safety.
Patients with advanced LAD harboring ROS1 rearrangements as confirmed by central FISH were eligible for the trial irrespectively of the number of prior treatment lines. Patients received treatment with crizotinib 250 mg BID - doses were adapted for management of AEs. Trial design: Fleming’s single stage phase II design. Primary endpoint: ORR (95% CI, H~0~: ORR≤20% vs. H~1~: ORR>20%). Secondary endpoints: a.o. PFS, OS and safety. All efficacy endpoints were assessed by investigator’s RECIST v1.1 and will be analyzed by IRB at a later stage. Baseline tumor tissue was analyzed by DNA-sequencing to identify the translocation Partners of ROS1, to validate FISH results and to identify additional biomarkers for prediction of response. Data-cut off for this report was March 2016.
In total, 34 patients were enrolled in EUCROSS at the time of data cut-off. Twenty-nine patients were eligible for efficacy assessment. Tumor tissue of 20 of these patients was suitable for further sequencing - 18 were sequenced positive for ROS1 fusion. The fusion partners involved were CD74 (N=9;50%), EZR (N=4;22%), SCL34A2 (N=3;17%), TPM3 and SDC4(N=1;6% each). The investigator assessed ORR was 69% (95% CI, 49.1-84.3) in the overall trial population and 83% (95% CI, 67.7-94.2) in the ROS1-positive by sequencing population (N=18;P=0.324 for difference of ORR). Three patients (10.3%;95% CI, 3.6-26.4) exhibited primary progression, two of them were sequenced ROS1-negative. All patients were included in the safety population (N=34). Most common AEs irrespectively of relatedness or grade were visual disorders (N=16;48%), edema (N=14;41%), diarrhea (N=13;38%) and bradycardia (N=11;32%).
Crizotinib is a highly effective and safe treatment in the subset of ROS1 rearranged NSCLC patients as determined by FISH and DNA-sequencing. Although, the number of patients with tissue available for sequencing was low at the time of data cut-off, sensitivity and specificity support sequencing as the potential new gold-standard for the identification of clinically relevant ROS1 gene-rearrangements.
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