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MA07 - ALK-ROS1 in Advanced NSCLC (ID 385)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MA07.03 - Alectinib (ALC) versus Crizotinib (CRZ) in ALK-Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ALK+ NSCLC): Primary Results from Phase III Study (J-ALEX) (ID 5597)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): T. Tanaka
ALK inhibitors are the standard treatment for ALK+ NSCLC and the comparison between 2 ALK inhibitors will be valuable in determining therapeutic strategy for ALK+ NSCLC patients (pts). We conducted the randomized open-label Phase III trial designed to prove the superior PFS of ALC to CRZ in ALK-inhibitor naïve ALK+ NSCLC.
ALK+ NSCLC pts were randomized 1:1 either to receive ALC (300 mg b.i.d.) or CRZ (250 mg b.i.d.) and stratified by ECOG PS (0/1 vs 2), treatment line (1[st] vs 2[nd]), and clinical stage (IIIB/IV vs recurrence). Primary endpoint was PFS according to the blinded independent review board. Secondary endpoints included overall survival, objective response rate, and safety. Under an assumption of expected hazard ratio (HR) of 0.643, 164 events were required to have 80% power with 2-sided alpha of 0.05. Three interim analyses (IA) for early stopping due to efficacy were planned after 33%, 50%, and 75% of required PFS events occurred.
207 pts were enrolled at 41 centers in Japan between November 2013 and August 2015. Independent data monitoring committee recommended the release of study data because the superiority in PFS had been demonstrated for ALC based on second IA. The PFS HR of ALC arm to CRZ arm was 0.34 (99.6826% CI: 0.17-0.70, stratified log-rank p<0.0001). Median PFS was not reached (95% CI: 20.3-Not Reached (NR)) in ALC arm while it was 10.2 months (95%CI: 8.2-12.0) in CRZ arm. ALC demonstrated favorable result of PFS in each sub-group for instance, treatment line (1[st] line: HR = 0.30, ALC: NR vs CRZ: 10.2 months, 2[nd] line: HR = 0.39, ALC: 20.3 months vs CRZ: 8.2 months), brain metastases at baseline (yes: HR = 0.08, ALC: NR vs CRZ: 10.2 months, no: HR = 0.39, ALC: 20.3 moths vs CRZ: 10.0 months) and clinical stage (stage IIIb/IV: HR = 0.31 ALC: 20.3 months vs CRZ: 8.3 months, recurrence: HR = 0.49, ALC: NR vs CRZ: 11.6 months). Grade 3-4 AEs (ALC: 26% vs CRZ: 52%), discontinuation of study drug due to AEs (ALC: 9% vs CRZ: 20%) and dose interruptions due to AEs (ALC: 29% vs CRZ: 74%) occurred with lower rate in the ALC arm. There were no treatment-related deaths in either arm.
ALC demonstrated prolonged PFS compared with CRZ in all sub-groups with a favorable AE profile representing a potential new standard treatment for 1[st] line ALK+ NSCLC pts.
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