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OA08 - Targeted Therapies in Brain Metastases (ID 381)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
OA08.05 - Efficacy and Cerebrospinal Fluid Concentration of Afatinib in NSCLC Patients with EGFR Mutation Developing Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis (ID 4210)
16:00 - 17:30 | Author(s): T. Nishihara
Afatinib (AFA) is an effective treatment in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation. However, there were few reports about the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) penetration rate and the efficacy for central nervous system (CNS) metastasis. Therefore, we conducted the study to evaluate the CSF penetration rate and efficacy of AFA in NSCLC patients harboring EGFR mutation with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LC).
Eligibility criteria included performance status (PS) 0-3, aged 20 years or older, pathologically proven NSCLC, harboring EGFR mutation, with LC, adequate organ function, and written informed consent. Patients received AFA (40mg/body every day). We analyzed the blood and CSF level of AFA before administrating AFA on the eighth day. The primary endpoint was the CSF penetration rate. Secondary endpoints included objective response rate (ORR), progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and safety profile.
A total of 11 patients were enrolled. And we could analyze the blood level in10 patients and the CSF level in 8 patients. Median patients-age was 66 years old. All patients were adenocarcinoma. In EGFR mutation status, 5 patients had exon 19 deletion, 3 had L858R and 3 had minor (exon18) mutation. The patients with PS 2 were 3 patients and PS 3 were 4 patients. Almost all patients received AFA after third-line or more line chemotherapy. The blood level was the Median 88.2 ng/ml (range: 30.4-373), the CSF level was Median 1.4 ng/ml (range: 0.39-2.85) and the CSF penetration rate was Median 1.65% (range: 0.1-9.25). The ORR is 27.3%, and two of three petients with exon 18 mutation showed the partial response. Median OS was 3.8 months (95%CI: 1.1-13.1) and median PFS was 2.0 months (95%CI: 0.6-5.8). Hematological toxicity was mild, however we have to take care of severe diarrhea and skin toxicities, especially in patients with poor PS.
The median CSF penetration rate (1.65%) of AFA were higher than the penetration rate in previous case report. Although the efficacy for EGFR mutation positive patients with LC was moderate, the promising efficacy for the patient with LC harboring EGFR exon 18 mutation was demonstrated. And we have to take care of diarrhea and skin toxicities, especially in the patients with poor PS.
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