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OA08 - Targeted Therapies in Brain Metastases (ID 381)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
OA08.03 - MET Copy Number Gain Associates with Gefitinib Resistance in Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis of EGFR Mutant Lung Cancer (ID 4364)
16:00 - 17:30 | Author(s): S. Arai
Central nervous system (CNS) metastasis, such as brain metastasis and leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC), occurs frequently in EGFR mutant lung cancer. EGFR-TKIs are generally effective to CNS metastasis in EGFR mutant lung cancer patients who are naïve to TKI treatment. Nevertheless, progression of CNS lesions are frequently observed during EGFR-TKI treatment. Brain metastases are manageable by concomitant use of EGFR-TKI and local intervention, including whole brain irradiation and stereotactic radiotherapy. There is, however, no established therapy for LMC, which is resistant to first and second generation EGFR-TKIs. Therefore, novel and effective therapies need to be developed for managing LMC in EGFR mutant lung cancer patients who become refractory to these EGFR-TKIs. The purpose of this study is to clarify the mechanism of EGFR-TKI resistance in LMC and establish novel therapeutic strategy.
We examined EGFR mutations, including T790M gatekeeper mutation, in 32 re-biopsy specimens from 12 LMC and 20 extracranial lesions (e.c., lung metastasis and malignant pleural effusions) of EGFR mutant lung cancer patients who became refractory to EGFR-TKI treatment. To clarify molecular mechanisms of acquired EGFR-TKI resistance in LMC, we utilized in vivo imaging model of LMC with EGFR mutant lung cancer cell line PC-9/ffluc and induced acquired resistance to gefitinib by continuous oral treatment.
We found that all 32 re-biopsy specimens had the same baseline EGFR mutations and that T790M was less frequent in LMC specimens than extracranial specimens (8% vs 55%). Compared with subcutaneous tumors, T790M was less frequent in LMC which acquired resistance to gefitnib. We further established PC-9/LMC-GR cells from the gefitinib-resistant LMC model and found that PC-9/LMC-GR cells were intermediately resistant to gefitinib and osimertinib (3[rd] generation EGFR-TKI). While EGFR-T790M was negative, MET copy number gain associated MET activation was involved in the gefitinib resistance in PC-9/LMC-GR cells. Moreover, combined use of EGFR-TKI and crizotinib, having inhibitory activity against MET, dramatically regressed LMC which already acquired resistance to gefitinib or osimertinib.
These findings suggest that combined use of MET inhibitors may be promising for controlling LMC which acquires resistance to EGFR-TKIs including osimertinib.