Start Your Search
MA05 - Innovative Techniques in Pulmonology and the Impact on Lung Cancer (ID 378)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Pulmonology
- Presentations: 1
MA05.11 - Photodynamic Therapy for Peripheral Lung Cancer Using Composite-Type Optical Fiberscope of 1.0 Mm in Diameter (ID 5457)
16:00 - 17:30 | Author(s): T. Ibi
Photodynanic therapy (PDT), is a treatment modality for many cancers, and uses a tumor-specific photosensitizer and laser irradiation. PDT is recommended as a treatment option for centrally located early lung cancer. The detection of peripheral lung cancers is increasing, and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) and percutaneous thermal ablation are emerging as alternatives to surgical resection, but PDT has not been a modality. Recently, we have developed a new minimally invasive laser device using a 1.0 mm in diameter composite-type optical fiberscope (COF), which could transmit laser energy and images for observation in parallel. In this study, we aimed to develop a new endobronchial treatment for peripheral cancer using PDT and a 1.0 mm in diameter composite-type optical fiberscope (COF), and we evaluated the feasibility of PDT using COF for peripheral lung cancer.
This phase I study enrolled patients with peripheral lung cancers (primary tumor< 20 mm, stage IA), which were definitively diagnosed by bronchoscopic modalities using radial-probe endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) and guide sheaths. We conducted irradiation using a diode laser (664 nm) and optical fiberscope (COF), four hours after the administration of NPe6 40 mg/m2. Before performing PDT, we evaluated the tumor lesions using EBUS through the guide sheaths for peripheral small lesions. Then, we introduced the COF into the peripheral lung cancer, observed the lesions and irradiated of red light 664 nm (120 mW, 50 J/cm2).
Three patients met our criteria, and 2cases were adenocarcinoma and 1 case squamous cell carcinoma. We were able to observe the cancer lesions at the peripheral lung by the COF, and feasibly irradiated. Two weeks and 3 months after NPe6-PDT, there was no morbidity including pneumothorax, pneumonia, skin photosensitivity.
The 1.0 mm COF was a very useful device of NPe6-PDT for peripheral lung cancers, and PDT using the COF was a feasible and non-invasive treatment. Now, we have started phase II study of PDT using the COF for peripheral lung cancers. In the future, for non-invasive adenocarcinoma such as AIS, NPe6-PDT using COF will play an important role.
Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.