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OA05 - Treatment Advances in SCLC (ID 373)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: SCLC/Neuroendocrine Tumors
- Presentations: 1
OA05.01 - Pembrolizumab in Patients with Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer: Updated Survival Results from KEYNOTE-028 (Abstract under Embargo until December 5, 7:00 CET) (ID 6198)
14:20 - 15:50 | Author(s): J.M. Mehnert
Patients with extensive-stage disease (ED) small cell lung cancer (SCLC) have limited treatment options and poor survival following failure of platinum-based chemotherapy. Pembrolizumab, a humanized anti–programmed death 1 (PD-1) antibody, has demonstrated robust antitumor activity and a favorable safety profile in multiple tumor types. Here, we present updated safety and efficacy data, including survival, for patients with ED SCLC enrolled in the KEYNOTE-028 (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02054806) study.
KEYNOTE-028 is a nonrandomized, multicohort phase 1b trial of pembrolizumab in patients with PD-L1–positive advanced solid tumors. Patients received pembrolizumab 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks for up to 2 years or until confirmed progression or intolerable toxicity, death, withdrawal of consent, or physician decision. Response was assessed per RECIST v1.1 by investigators every 8 weeks for the first 6 months and every 12 weeks thereafter. The primary end point was objective response rate (ORR; per RECIST v1.1, investigator assessed). Secondary end points included safety, tolerability, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS).
24 patients with ED SCLC and tumor PD-L1 positivity were enrolled and received ≥1 dose of pembrolizumab. At the data cutoff date (June 9, 2016), median follow-up duration was 9.8 months (range, 0.5-24.0 months); 3 patients (12.5%) remain on treatment. The ORR was 37.5% (95% CI, 18.8%-59.4%), including 1 complete and 8 partial responses in 24 evaluable patients. Median duration of response was 9.0 months (range, 1.9-19.9+ months). Median PFS was 1.9 months (95% CI, 1.7-5.9 months); the 6- and 12-month PFS rates were 29.8% and 24.8%, respectively. Median OS was 9.7 months (95% CI, 4.1 months-not reached); the 6- and 12-month OS rates were 66.0% and 35.7%, respectively. No new safety concerns were noted. Sixteen of 24 (66.7%) patients experienced treatment-related AEs. Two patients experienced grade 3-5 treatment-related AEs: 1 patient had blood bilirubin increased (grade 3) and 1 patient experienced grade 3 asthenia and grade 5 colitis.
Pembrolizumab demonstrated promising antitumor activity in this pretreated, PD-L1–positive ED SCLC population. The responses were found to be durable and may have led to an OS benefit for the subset of patients who achieved objective responses with pembrolizumab.
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