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MA03 - Epidemiology, Risk Factors and Screening (ID 374)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Mini Oral Session
- Track: Epidemiology/Tobacco Control and Cessation/Prevention
- Presentations: 1
MA03.01 - Gender Disparities in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review (ID 5803)
14:20 - 15:50 | Author(s): D..D. Hao
Although lung cancer is the second most-often diagnosed malignancy in both men and women, and the biggest cancer killer of both genders, evidence suggests that the lung cancer experience differs in women compared to men. Lung cancer incidence in men has steadily decreased since the mid-1980s, while in women it has increased. Partly, these patterns reflect sex differences in smoking behavior over the previous two decades. Additional epidemiological evidence suggests that gender impacts most facets of the lung cancer experience, including the incidence, susceptibility, severity, and molecular basis of the disease. However, there is a lack of consensus on both the magnitude and etiology of these gender-based differences. The aim of this currently ongoing systematic literature review is to more precisely define this gender disparity among non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients worldwide and summarize current opinions about the molecular basis for these observations.
A preliminary rapid review was launched to outline gender disparity among NSCLC patients in North America, Europe and South Asia. Independent studies were utilized from Medline; Embase; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for the period between 1996 and 2016. Based on these results, a systematic literature review was carried out for the period between 1996 and 2016 using Medline and Embase databases worldwide. The main outcome measures are incidence and factors influencing NSCLC between the genders. A validated scoring system was used to appraise eligible studies for methodological quality and level of evidence.
The preliminary rapid search identified 17 eligible articles for review. Analysis suggests that females are more susceptible to tobacco related carcinogens, have a younger age at diagnosis and higher survival rates. We also observed an increase in the inclusion of female patients in the clinical studies over this period. Based on pre-specified selection criteria, the systematic review generated a total of 367 studies which have been retrieved and considered for further analysis. We will determine gender differences in NSCLC incidence and its molecular aberration utilizing data from independent studies based on rapid analysis of observational studies published globally.
Our systematic literature review will help validate our preliminary findings that gender disparities in lung cancer do exist. Our findings will provide a platform for policy makers, researchers and clinicians to design clinical trials and interventions that account for these disparities.
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