Virtual Library

Start Your Search

B.C. Cho



Author of

  • +

    MA07 - ALK-ROS1 in Advanced NSCLC (ID 385)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • +

      MA07.07 - Ceritinib in ROS1-Rearranged Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: An Update of Korean Nationwide Phase II Study (Now Available) (ID 5953)

      B.C. Cho

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      ROS1 rearrangement is a distinct molecular subset of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the efficacy and safety of ceritinib in patients with ROS1-rearranged NSCLC.

      Methods:
      We enrolled 32 patients with advanced NSCLC who tested positive for ROS1 rearrangement by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). ROS1 immunohistochemistry (IHC) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) was performed in available tumor samples. Ceritinib 750mg was administered once daily and the primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) by central independent radiologic review. The secondary endpoints included disease control rate (DCR), duration of response, progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), toxicity and concordance between FISH and IHC. ROS1 fusion partners were identified with the use of next-generation sequencing (NGS) in available tumor samples.

      Results:
      Between June 7, 2013, and February 1, 2016, a total of 404 patients underwent ROS1 prescreening, and 32 ROS1+ (by FISH) patients were enrolled. All patients except two (who did not respond to ceritinib) were crizotinib naïve. The median age of all patients was 62 years, and there were 24 females (75%). The majority of patients (84%) were never smokers, and all had adenocarcinoma histology. The median number of previous treatments before study enrollment was 3 (range, 2-7) and 17 (53%) patients had received three or more lines of chemotherapy. At the time of the data cut-off (April 18, 2016), the median follow-up was 7.5 months, and 15 (47%) patients had discontinued treatment. Of the 32 patients enrolled, 28 patients were evaluable for response by independent radiologic review. ORR was 63% (95% CI, 45.7-79.3), with 1 complete response and 19 partial responses. The median duration of response was 10.0 months (range, 0.4+-18.4+). Among 11 tumors that were tested by NGS, we identified 7 ROS1 fusion partners including ROS1-CD74, ROS1-SLC34A2, and ROS1-EZR. The median progression-free survival was 19.3 months (95% CI, 7.2-not reached), with 17 (53%) patients still in follow-up for progression. The median overall survival was not reached at the time of the data cut-off. Of 5 patients with retrospectively confirmed brain metastases, intracranial disease control was reported in 4 patients (80%). Gastrointestinal adverse events (vomiting, nausea, diarrhea) mostly grade 1-2, were the most frequent adverse events (80%); these events were manageable.

      Conclusion:
      Ceritinib demonstrated potent clinical activity in patients with advanced, ROS1-rearranged NSCLC, who received at least one prior line of platinum-based chemotherapy. ROS1 rearrangement defines a second molecular subgroup of NSCLC for which ceritinib is highly active (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01964157).

      Only Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login, select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout. If you would like to become a member of IASLC, please click here.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    OA03 - Immunotherapy Checkpoint Inhibitors in Advanced NSCLC (ID 367)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Oral Session
    • Track: Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy/Immunotherapy
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • +

      OA03.07 - KEYNOTE-010: Durable Clinical Benefit in Patients with Previously Treated, PD-L1-Expressing NSCLC Who Completed Pembrolizumab  (Now Available) (ID 6769)

      B.C. Cho

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Checkpoint inhibitors such as the anti–PD-1 monoclonal antibody pembrolizumab have demonstrated antitumor activity and a manageable safety profile in several advanced malignancies. Although checkpoint inhibitors are rapidly becoming a standard-of-care therapy in multiple tumor types, the optimal treatment duration has not been established. We assessed outcomes in patients who completed the maximum 24 months of pembrolizumab in the phase 3 KEYNOTE-010 study (NCT01905657), in which pembrolizumab provided superior OS over docetaxel in patients with previously treated, PD-L1–expressing advanced NSCLC.

      Methods:
      1034 patients with advanced NSCLC that progressed after ≥2 cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy (and an appropriate therapy for targetable EGFR and ALK aberrations if present) and had a PD-L1 tumor proportion score ≥1% were randomized 1:1:1 to pembrolizumab 2 or 10 mg/kg Q3W or to docetaxel 75 mg/m[2] until disease progression, intolerable toxicity, or physician or patient decision; the maximum duration of pembrolizumab was 24 months of uninterrupted treatment or 35 cycles, whichever was later. Response was assessed per RECIST v1.1 by independent central review every 9 weeks. After completion of 24 months/35 cycles, patients continued to undergo imaging every 9 weeks; patients with subsequent disease progression were eligible for a second treatment course if they did not receive other anticancer therapy after stopping pembrolizumab.

      Results:
      In the overall population, median OS was longer (10.5 months for pembrolizumab Q2W, 13.4 months for pembrolizumab Q3W, and 8.6 months for docetaxel) and 24-month OS rates were higher (30.1%, 37.5%, and 14.5%, respectively) with pembrolizumab compared with docetaxel. Of the 691 patients allocated to pembrolizumab, 47 patients received 35 cycles of pembrolizumab and were included in this analysis. As of the September 30, 2016 data cutoff date, all patients had completed all 35 cycles of treatment, but one withdrew from the study treatment after completing 35 cycles. Best overall response (ORR) among these 47 patients was complete response (CR) in 3 (6%) patients and partial response (PR) in 39 (83%) patients, for an ORR of 89%; 5 (11%) patients experienced stable disease (SD). Two of these patients experienced disease progression since stopping pembrolizumab and two of these patients resumed pembrolizumab therapy. As of the cutoff date, none of the 47 patients had died.

      Conclusion:
      With long-term follow-up, the OS benefit has been maintained and pembrolizumab continues to demonstrate superiority over docetaxel. Pembrolizumab provides durable clinical benefit with few patients progressing after completing two years of therapy.

      Only Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login, select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout. If you would like to become a member of IASLC, please click here.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    P1.02 - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 454)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Poster Presenters Present
    • Track: Biology/Pathology
    • Presentations: 1
    • +

      P1.02-030 - Performance Evaluation of ALK/ROS1 Dual Break Apart FISH Probe Kit (RUO) in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (ID 5233)

      B.C. Cho

      • Abstract

      Background:
      ALK and ROS1 gene rearrangements are distinct molecular subsets of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and they are strong predictive biomarkers of response to ALK/ROS1 inhibitors, such as crizotinib. Thus, it is clinically important to detect patients who will benefit from such treatment and develop an effective screening strategy. In this study, we aim to evaluate the diagnostic performance of ALK/ROS1 RUO FISH probes which can concurrently detect ALK and ROS1 rearrangements.

      Methods:
      The study populations were composed of three patient cohorts with histologically confirmed lung adenocarcinoma (ALK rearrangement, ROS1 rearrangement and both wild type). Patient specimens consisted of 12 ALK-positive, 9 ROS1-positive and 21 ALK/ROS1-wild type formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples obtained from surgical resection or excisional biopsy. ALK rearrangement status was determined by Vysis LSI Dual Color Break Apart Rearrangement Probe (Abbott Molecular, Abbott Park, IL, USA) and ROS1 rearrangement status was assessed by ZytoLight SPEC ROS1 dual color break apart probe (Zytovision. Bremerhaven, Germany). All specimens were re-evaluated by ALK/ROS1 Break Apart FISH RUO 4-color kit. FISH images were scanned via the BioView Duet and interpreted remotely via BioView SoloWeb.

      Results:
      A total of 42 patient samples were evaluated. The concordance of results obtained from ALK/ROS1 Break Apart FISH RUO 4-color kit was evaluated relative to the ALK and ROS1 rearrangement status of the specimen, as previously determined. One ROS1-positive and 2 wild-type samples were excluded from analysis due to high background. Regarding 12 ALK-positive samples, 12 were ALK-positive by ALK/ROS1 RUO FISH, showing 100% (n=12/12) sensitivity to predict ALK rearrangement. Regarding 8 ROS1-positive samples, 6 cases were ROS1-positive by ALK/ROS1 RUO FISH, showing 75% (n=6/8) sensitivity to predict ROS1 rearrangement. Two cases showed weak ROS1 signals that could not be enumerated. Regarding 19 wild type cases, 18 cases were negative by ALK/ROS1 RUO FISH, showing 95% (n=18/19) specificity, while one case showed poor ROS1 signals which could not be properly enumerated.

      Conclusion:
      ALK/ROS1 RUO FISH can detect ALK and ROS1 rearrangements simultaneously in NSCLC. The fluorescence of ROS1 signal may be weakened by slide shipment and remote scoring.

  • +

    P2.03a - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 464)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Poster Presenters Present
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • +

      P2.03a-038 - Phase III Trial of Pemetrexed/Carboplatin vs Pemetrexed Only in Chemo-Naïve Elderly Non-SQCC NSCLC Patients Aged ≥ 70 (ID 5036)

      B.C. Cho

      • Abstract

      Background:
      We aimed to compare pemetrexed/carboplatin doublet (PC) versus pemetrexed singlet (P) as induction therapy in chemotherapy-naïve elderly patients aged 70 or more with advanced non-squamous non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0 or 1.

      Methods:
      In this open-label multicenter phase III randomized trial, elderly patients aged 70 or more with advanced non-squamous NSCLC, ECOG PS of 0-1, no prior chemotherapy, adequate organ function and measurable disease were assigned to PC doublet (P, 500 mg/m2; C, area under the curve of 5) or P singlet (500 mg/m2) after stratified randomization according to center, gender and Charson Comorbidity Index (CCI). The treatment was given every 3 weeks till disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or withdrawal of consent. However, carboplatin was given for only the first four cycles during induction therapy period. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included overall survival, response rate, and safety.

      Results:
      A total of 267 eligible patients were enrolled from six centers between March 2012 and October 2015; median age was 74 years (70~86); 95% had PS of 1; 68% were men; and 61% had CCI of 1 or more. The median PFS was 5.4 months for PC doublet and 4.2 months for P singlet, respectively (hazard ratio [HR], 0.85; 95% CI, 0.65 to 1.11; P= 0.2353). The median survival time was 12.5 months for PC and 9.0 months for P, respectively (HR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.62 to 1.21; P =0.4108). The objective response rates for PC doublet and P singlet were 34.7% and 25.9%, respectively (p=0.1387). The most common adverse events in PC doublet arm were anemia (9.6%), fatigue (8%) and pneumonia (6.4%) while those in P singlet arm were pneumonia (4.2%), fatique (3.3%) and anemia (2.5%) in descending of frequency.

      Conclusion:
      The addition of carboplatin to pemetrexed during induction therapy period did not show the improvement of survival time in elderly patients aged 70 or more with advanced non-squamous NSCLC and ECOG PS of 0-1 even though it increased the response rate numerically. Updated data will be presented.

  • +

    P2.06 - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 467)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Poster Presenters Present
    • Track: Scientific Co-Operation/Research Groups (Clinical Trials in Progress should be submitted in this category)
    • Presentations: 2
    • Now Available
    • +

      P2.06-003 - A Phase Ib Study of the Combination of Afatinib and Ruxolitinib in EGFR Mutant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Progressed on EGFR-TKI (Now Available) (ID 5453)

      B.C. Cho

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), acquired resistance is attributed to the T790M mutation in exon 20 in approximately 50% of cases. Despite promising preclinical findings, afatinib did not improve survival of patients with the T790M mutation. In a recent preclinical study, we demonstrated that autocrine IL-6 induced JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway activation mediated adaptive resistance to afatinib in H1975 and PC9-GR cells harboring T790M mutations. Knockdown of STAT3 with siRNA or pharmacologic JAK1 inhibition increased the anti-tumor activity of afatinib in T790M-positive NSCLC cells. Based on the promising preclinical results, we conducted a phase Ib study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination of afatinib and ruxolitinib, a selective JAK inhibitor, in NSCLC patients who had progressed on EGFR-TKIs.

      Methods:
      For dose escalation with the classical 3+3 design, patients with histologically diagnosed, EGFR mutant stage IV NSCLC were considered eligible. Patients should have documented disease progression on EGFR-TKIs with clinical definition of acquired resistance. Afatinib was administered alone once daily from day 1 through day 8 (run-in period), then ruxolitinib was orally administered twice daily concomitantly with afatinib until progression. The primary endpoint was to determine RP2D and DLT.

      Results:
      As of July 13, 2016, 15 patients (8 with exon19 deletion, 7 with exon21 L858R) were enrolled in the dose escalation cohort, 8 of which had T790M mutations. Patients were previously treated with erlotinib (n=5) or gefitinib (n=10). Patients received a median of 3 (range, 1-4) lines of chemotherapy. No DLT was observed at the highest dose level (afatinib 50 mg once daily plus ruxolitinib 25 mg twice daily). Frequent AEs included paronychia (G1 in 7 cases), diarrhea (G1 in 6 cases, G2 in 1 case), acneiform rash (G1 in 5 cases), and oral mucositis (G1 in 1 case, G2 in 3 cases). SAEs were reported in 4 patients, which were not related to the investigational products. Partial responses were observed in 6 patients (40%) with disease control rate (CR+PR+SD) of 86.7%. Median PFS was 8.8 months (95% CI, 1.8-15.8) and 6 patients remain on study. Dose expansion with pharmacodynamic study at the RP2D will be open for NSCLC patients with EGFR T790M.

      Conclusion:
      The combination of afatinib with ruxolitinib was well tolerated and had promising clinical activity with durable disease control in NSCLC with acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs (NCT02145637).

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

    • +

      P2.06-017 - Amethyst NSCLC Trial: Phase 2 Study of MGCD265 in Patients with Advanced or Metastatic NSCLC with Activating Genetic Alterations in MET (Now Available) (ID 5384)

      B.C. Cho

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      MGCD265 is a potent, orally available, small molecule RTK inhibitor of MET and Axl, both of which mediate signals for cell growth, survival, and migration. The Amethyst NSCLC trial is designed to evaluate the activity of MGCD265 in patients with NSCLC exhibiting genetic alterations involving MET. Alterations in MET, including gene amplification and/or genetic mutations, occur in approximately 7% of NSCLC cases converting MET to an oncogene capable of driving cancer development and progression. Amplification of MET has been associated with a poor prognosis in NSCLC. In addition, various genetic mutations result in the deletion of exon 14 in MET mRNA (METex14del) and the subsequent loss of the Y1003 regulatory binding site for CBL ubiquitin ligase, required for MET degradation and signal attenuation. Loss of the Y1003 binding site of MET results in sustained MET signaling, which has been implicated as an oncogenic driver in a subset of NSCLC. The importance of MET as a driver is demonstrated in xenograft models of NSCLC with METex14del and MET amplification, and where MGCD265 induces tumor regression. Additionally, confirmed partial responses have been observed in pts with NSCLC characterized by METex14del who were treated with MGCD265 in the Phase 1 setting.

      Methods:
      Pts with platinum pre-treated NSCLC characterized by activating genetic MET alterations identified in tumor tissue or circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) are eligible for this multi-center, global, Phase 2 trial. Pts are assigned to one of four cohorts based on the type of MET dysregulation and detection method: 1) mutations in tissue, 2) amplification in tissue, 3) mutations in ctDNA, and 4) amplification in ctDNA. The primary endpoint is Objective Response Rate (ORR) in accordance with RECIST 1.1; a Bayesian Predictive Probability Design is applied independently to each cohort. Secondary objectives include safety, tolerability, response duration, survival, correlation between tissue and ctDNA testing, and PK/PD. This study is currently open globally, and recruitment is ongoing.

      Results:
      Section not applicable.

      Conclusion:
      Section not applicable.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    P3.02a - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 470)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Poster Presenters Present
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
    • +

      P3.02a-036 - Phase 1 Study of Ceritinib 450 mg or 600 mg Taken with a Low-Fat Meal versus 750 mg in Fasted State in ALK+ Metastatic NSCLC (ID 7170)

      B.C. Cho

      • Abstract

      Background:
      The anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor ceritinib is approved at 750 mg fasted for the treatment of patients with ALK-rearranged (ALK+) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) pretreated with crizotinib. The pharmacokinetic (PK) part of this study (Part 1) compares PK exposure of ceritinib following food consumption versus a fasted state in advanced ALK+ NSCLC patients.

      Methods:
      Part 1 of this prospective, open-label, multicenter, randomized, 3-arm, phase 1 study (ASCEND-8; NCT02299505) is investigating PK and safety of ceritinib in advanced ALK+ NSCLC patients, treatment-naïve or pretreated with multiple lines of chemotherapy and/or crizotinib. Here, we compare steady-state PK of ceritinib 450 or 600 mg taken with a low‑fat meal versus ceritinib 750 mg fasted (primary endpoint) and report preliminary safety outcomes from Part 1. Part 2 continues to randomize treatment-naïve patients and will assess safety and efficacy.

      Results:
      As of June 16, 2016 (data cut-off), 137 patients were randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to each treatment arm; 135 patients received one dose (safety set) and 97 patients had evaluable steady-state PK data. Disease characteristics were comparable between arms. Median follow-up duration was 4.14 months (range, 0.1–13.9). Relative to 750 mg fasted, the 450 mg fed arm demonstrated comparable steady-state PK, while the 600 mg fed arm showed ~25% higher steady-state PK (Table). Preliminary safety data suggests overall frequency of AEs and types of AEs were comparable between arms. However, incidences of gastrointestinal (GI)-related AEs (diarrhea, nausea or vomiting) were lowest, with no grade 3/4 GI AEs reported, in the 450 mg fed arm.Figure 1



      Conclusion:
      Steady-state PK was comparable in advanced ALK+ NSCLC patients taking ceritinib 450 mg with a low-fat meal versus 750 mg fasted. This study continues to enroll treatment-naïve patients into Part 2 to assess efficacy across the three treatment arms and assess longer safety follow-up.

  • +

    P3.02b - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 494)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Poster Presenters Present
    • Track: Advanced NSCLC
    • Presentations: 3
    • Now Available
    • +

      P3.02b-001 - Phase 1 Dose Escalation of PF-06747775 (EGFR-T790M Inhibitor) in Patients with Advanced EGFRm (Del 19 or L858R+/-T790M) NSCLC (ID 4747)

      B.C. Cho

      • Abstract

      Background:
      PF-06747775 (PF-7775) is a highly potent, selective third generation irreversible EGFR-TKI, effective against EGFR-TKI sensitizing and resistance (T790M) mutations in NSCLC cell lines; IC50s between 3-12 nM and 26X greater selectivity toward mutant vs. wild-type (WT)EGFR. This is the first report from an ongoing phase I, first in human multicenter study (NCT02349633) of PF-7775 in patients with metastatic EGFRm+ NSCLC.

      Methods:
      EGFRm+ NSCLC pts, with acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs enrolled into dose escalation cohorts of PF-7775, orally once daily, beginning at 25 mg. Stable brain metastases were allowed. All pts were assessed for pharmacokinetics (PK), response to therapy, and adverse events (AEs). Prospective central T790M testing was optional for dose escalation cohorts, but is required in subsequent expansion cohorts. Plasma samples were collected from all patients for ctDNA analysis of EGFR mutations.

      Results:
      Dose escalation is complete. 26 patients enrolled in 7 dose levels (25-600 mg): 58% female, mean age 63.5 years, Asian/Caucasian 61%/34%, 14/25 T790M+. Dosing reached 600 mg and then was expanded at a lower dose for better long term tolerability. RECIST responses were observed at all dose levels. BOR is PR 11(42.3%; 5 T790M+), stable disease 6(23.1%; 4 T790M+), PD 2(7.7%: 1 T790M+), symptomatic deterioration 1(3.8%; 1 T790M+), and indeterminate 6(23.1%; 3 T790M+). The AE profile is very favorable as predicted from the large WT margin. No DLTs were observed. Grade 3 AEs were noted at > 150 mg (diarrhea {n=4, 15.4%} and skin toxicities {n=8, 30.8%}). Figure 1. Best Change from Baseline in Tumor Size (%) Figure 1 PK were generally dose-proportional at doses of 25-600 mg, with a median apparent t~1/2~ of 6 h (range 4-30).



      Conclusion:
      PF-7775 has demonstrated early signals of clinical activity and is well tolerated in EGFRm+ NSCLC pts with acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs.

    • +

      P3.02b-005 - Phase Ib Trial of Afatinib and BI 836845 in Advanced NSCLC: Dose Escalation and Safety Results (Now Available) (ID 4719)

      B.C. Cho

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      Insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling is implicated in acquired resistance to EGFR TKIs in NSCLC. BI 836845 is an IGF ligand-neutralizing antibody that binds to IGF-1 and IGF-2, and inhibits their growth-promoting activities. This Phase Ib trial evaluates BI 836845 in combination with afatinib in patients with NSCLC progressing following prior treatment with EGFR TKIs or platinum-based chemotherapy (NCT02191891).

      Methods:
      The trial consists of two sequential parts: a dose confirmation part (Part A, reported here) and an expansion part (Part B). In Part A, eligible patients were aged ≥18 years with advanced and/or metastatic NSCLC progressing on EGFR TKIs (patients with EGFR mutations) or platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients receiving prior afatinib therapy below the assigned dose level or <30mg/day, or with progression on an insufficient dose of EGFR TKI prior to the study, were excluded. Part A used a 3+3 dose-escalation design with a starting dose of BI 836845 1,000mg/week (1-hour intravenous infusion) plus oral afatinib 30mg/day, in 4-week cycles. Primary endpoints were the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of BI 836845 in combination with afatinib, and the occurrence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) during Cycle 1.

      Results:
      At data cut-off (18 April 2016), 16 patients were treated (BI 836845 1,000mg/afatinib 30mg [n=4]; BI 836845 1,000mg/afatinib 40mg [n=12]). Median age (range) was 60 (48–77) years. Fourteen (88%) patients had activating EGFR mutations. Nine (56%) patients discontinued treatment, mostly due to progressive disease (one patient discontinued BI 836845 for other reasons); seven patients remain on treatment. During Cycle 1, 0/3 patients (afatinib 30mg) and 0/12 patients (afatinib 40mg) had a DLT (one patient [afatinib 30mg] was replaced during Cycle 1 due to a non-DLT adverse event [AE]). Therefore, the MTD and recommended Phase II dose (RP2D) was determined to be BI 836845 1,000mg/week in combination with afatinib 40mg/day. All patients experienced at least one drug-related AE; the most common were diarrhea (n=12; 75%), paronychia (n=11; 69%) and rash (n=10; 63%). Drug-related AEs were mostly grade 1/2 (one patient [afatinib 30mg] had grade 3 stomatitis). No drug-related AEs led to discontinuation and no dose reductions were required for BI 836845 or afatinib.

      Conclusion:
      The MTD and RP2D of BI 836845 was determined as 1000mg/week in combination with afatinib 40mg/day in patients who have failed prior EGFR TKIs or chemotherapy. This combination demonstrated a clinically manageable safety profile, consisting of AEs commonly associated with afatinib. The expansion part (Part B) is ongoing.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

    • +

      P3.02b-119 - YH25448, a Highly Selective 3rd Generation EGFR TKI, Exhibits Superior Survival over Osimertinib in Animal Model with Brain Metastases from NSCLC (Now Available) (ID 3939)

      B.C. Cho

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      Background:
      Currently-available EGFR TKIs are ineffective for the treatment of brain metastases (BrM) due to limited blood-brain barrier (BBB) penetration. YH25448 is a potent, highly mutant-selective and irreversible 3[rd] generation EGFR TKI that is able to penetrate the BBB, and targets both the T790M mutation and activating EGFR mutations while sparing wild type (wt).

      Methods:
      The biochemical and pharmacological activity of YH25448 were characterized through in vitro kinase assays, and functional cell assays. The animal model with brain metastases from NSCLC was established by implanting luciferase-transfected NCI-H1975 human NSCLC cells carrying the L858R/T790M mutation both subcutaneously and intracranially into nude mice. In this animal model, YH25448 was compared with osimertinib in terms of tumor growth inhibition, survival, weight loss and clinical signs. The correlation of PK profiles (plasma, CSF and tumor tissues) with biological activity using inhibition of EGFR phosphorylation (pEGFR) in the tumor tissue was evaluated.

      Results:
      YH25448 selectively inhibited EGFR single and double mutant kinase activity with IC~50~ values of 2 nM for L858R/T790M against 76 nM for wt-EGFR. In the cell proliferation assays, GI~50~ values were 6 nM, 5 nM, and 711 nM for H1975 cells (L858R/T790M), PC9 cells (del19) and H2073 cells (wt), respectively. In primary cancer cells from patients harboring EGFR mutations, YH25448 showed more potent inhibition of cancer cell growth compared to osimertinib. YH25448 treatment at the once-daily doses of 1-25 mg/kg resulted in dose-dependent tumor regression in both subcutaneous and intracranial lesions in mice implanted with H1975 cells. Given its high selectivity against wild type and wide safety margin, there were no changes in body weight and no abnormal clinical signs. At 10-25 mg/kg, YH25448 achieved more significant, complete tumor growth inhibition and longer overall survival compared to same doses of osimertinib. Dose-dependent inhibition of pEGFR expression in tumor tissue by YH25448 treatment was well translated into the in vivo efficacy. Plasma half life of YH25448 was 5.9-6.8 hr and tumor to plasma AUC~0-last ~ratio was 3.0-5.1. YH25448 also showed excellent penetration of the BBB, achieving CSF concentrations exceeding the IC~50~ value for pEGFR inhibition.

      Conclusion:
      The strong in vitro potency and high selectivity of YH25448 for mutant EGFR translated into robust in vivo efficacy. These findings indicate that YH25448 will be able to address the urgent unmet needs for EGFR mutant-positive patients with brain metastases.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.

  • +

    SC21 - Predictive Biomarkers for Outcome of Systemic Therapy in NSCLC (ID 345)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Science Session
    • Track: Biology/Pathology
    • Presentations: 1
    • Now Available
    • +

      SC21.04 - Patient-Derived Xenografts for Guiding Therapy of Lung Cancer (Now Available) (ID 6688)

      B.C. Cho

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Abstract:
      Preclinical drug screening and biomarker discovery in the NCI-60 cancer cell line panel as well as the xenograft developed by growing these cell lines subcutaneously in immunodeficient mice have repeatedly failed to predict clinical responses. In an attempt to circumvent the limited predictive values of conventional preclinical models, there has been increasing attention in the development and characterization of Patient-derived tumor xenograft (PDX) models. The PDX models, which were created by direct implantation of patient’s tumor in immunodeficient mice, have shown to reflect principal histologic and genetic characteristics of original patient tumors and retain tumor heterogeneity better than any other preclinical model. These models have been shown to be predictive of clinical outcomes and are being used for translational research, preclinical drug screening and biomarker identification and validation. The PDX model may also be used in the application of ‘co-clinical trial’ approach, in which it is developed from a patient enrolled in a clinical trial and treated with the same experimental agents to emulate clinical response. This strategy permits the assessment of drug response simultaneously in the patient and mouse model, providing an interesting platform to investigate resistance mechanism, predictive biomarkers and novel combination strategies in a real-time manner. I will present the utility of PDX models, which faithfully replicated the histologic, genomic and pharmacologic features observed in the original patients, and ‘co-clinical trial’ that mirror a phase II trial of agents targeting fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) in non-small cell lung cancer.

      Only Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login, select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout. If you would like to become a member of IASLC, please click here.

      Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.