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M. Taylor



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    MA09 - Immunotherapy Combinations (ID 390)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy/Immunotherapy
    • Presentations: 1
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      MA09.05 - Nivolumab Alone or with Ipilimumab in Recurrent Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC): 2-Year Survival and Updated Analyses from the Checkmate 032 Trial (ID 4397)

      14:20 - 15:50  |  Author(s): M. Taylor

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Patients with SCLC and disease progression during/after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy have poor prognoses and limited treatment options. Nivolumab alone and in combination with ipilimumab has shown survival benefit and durable responses in multiple tumor types. Here we present updated results for the SCLC cohort of the phase 1/2 CheckMate 032 trial (NCT01928394), which was designed to evaluate nivolumab or nivolumab/ipilimumab in advanced solid tumors.

      Methods:
      Patients with advanced SCLC that progressed following ≥1 platinum-based chemotherapy regimens were assigned to receive nivolumab monotherapy (nivolumab-3 Q2W) or nivolumab/ipilimumab combination therapy (nivolumab-1/ipilimumab-3 or nivolumab-3/ipilimumab-1 Q3W for 4 cycles, then nivolumab-3 Q2W). Patients were eligible regardless of platinum sensitivity or tumor programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. The primary endpoint was ORR. Additional endpoints were duration of response (DOR), OS, PFS, safety, and correlation of tumor PD-L1 expression with activity.

      Results:
      214 patients have been enrolled to date (nivolumab-3, n=98; nivolumab-1/ipilimumab-3, n=61; nivolumab-3/ipilimumab-1, n=55), including 96 and 118 patients treated with 1 or ≥2 prior regimens, respectively. Efficacy and safety data are shown (table). In the nivolumab-1/ipilimumab-3 cohort, ORR was 23% and 1-year OS was 43%. The proportion of patients with PD-L1–expressing tumors was substantially lower in previously treated SCLC in this study than that previously observed with pretreated NSCLC (16% vs 53%–54% with ≥1% PD-L1 expression). In SCLC, responses were observed regardless of PD-L1 expression. ORR and median OS were similar in patients treated with 1 or ≥2 prior regimens. Rate of discontinuation due to treatment-related AEs ranged from 5% to 11%; there were 3 treatment-related deaths. Figure 1



      Conclusion:
      Durable objective responses were observed with nivolumab and nivolumab/ipilimumab in patients with previously treated SCLC, and safety profiles were consistent with other tumor types. Updated efficacy (including 2-year OS and DOR), safety, and additional subgroup analyses will be presented from the August 2016 DBL.

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    OA03 - Immunotherapy Checkpoint Inhibitors in Advanced NSCLC (ID 367)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Oral Session
    • Track: Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy/Immunotherapy
    • Presentations: 1
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      OA03.03 - JAVELIN Solid Tumor: Safety and Clinical Activity of Avelumab (Anti-PD-L1) as First-Line Treatment in Patients with Advanced NSCLC (Abstract under Embargo until December 5, 7:00 CET) (ID 3717)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): M. Taylor

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Avelumab* (MSB0010718C) is a fully human anti-PD-L1 IgG1 antibody that has shown antitumour activity in various malignancies. We report safety and clinical activity of avelumab as first-line therapy in a cohort of patients with non-small–cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from a phase 1b trial (NCT01772004).

      Methods:
      Patients with advanced NSCLC not previously treated systemically for metastatic or recurrent disease, without an activating EGFR mutation or ALK rearrangement, and not preselected for PD-L1 expression, received avelumab 10 mg/kg IV over 1 hour Q2W until progression, unacceptable toxicity, or study withdrawal. Objective response rate (ORR) and progression-free survival (PFS) were evaluated by RECIST v1.1. Adverse events (AEs) were graded by NCI-CTCAE v4.0.

      Results:
      As of 23 Oct 2015, 145 patients had received avelumab (median 10 weeks of treatment; range 2-30) and were followed for a median of 13 weeks (range 0-31). Median age was 70 years (range 41-90), ECOG PS was 0 (31.0%) or 1 (69.0%), and tumour histology was adenocarcinoma (63.4%) or squamous (26.9%) in most patients. Eighty-two patients (56.6%) had a treatment-related (TR) AE; those occurring in ≥10% were infusion-related reaction (IRR; n=24, 16.6%) and fatigue (n=21, 14.5%). Thirteen patients (9.0%) had a grade ≥3 TRAE; only IRR and fatigue occurred in >1 patient (each n=3, 2.1%). Four patients (2.8%) had a potential immune-mediated TRAE, all grade 1-2 (pneumonitis n=3, 2.1%; hypothyroidism n=1, 0.7%). There were no treatment-related deaths. Among 75 patients with ≥3 months’ follow-up, unconfirmed ORR was 18.7% (95% CI: 10.6, 29.3) based on 1 complete response and 13 partial responses; 12 were ongoing. Thirty-four additional patients (45.3%) had stable disease as best response (disease control rate 64.0%). Updated analysis will be presented, including efficacy data with ≥3 months’ follow-up in all patients and PD-L1 analysis.

      Conclusion:
      First-line avelumab monotherapy showed clinical activity and was well-tolerated in patients with EGFR-wildtype/ALK-negative NSCLC unselected for PD-L1 expression. A phase 3 trial of avelumab vs platinum-doublet in first-line NSCLC is in progress. *Proposed nonproprietary name.

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