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OA03 - Immunotherapy Checkpoint Inhibitors in Advanced NSCLC (ID 367)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Chemotherapy/Targeted Therapy/Immunotherapy
- Presentations: 1
OA03.02 - Atezolizumab as 1L Therapy for Advanced NSCLC in PD-L1–Selected Patients: Updated ORR, PFS and OS Data from the BIRCH Study (ID 4799)
11:00 - 12:30 | Author(s): S. Coleman
Atezolizumab, a humanized anti-PDL1 mAb, inhibits the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway to restore tumor-specific T-cell immunity, resulting in durable anti-tumor effects. BIRCH (NCT02031458) is a single-arm Phase II study of atezolizumab monotherapy in PD-L1–selected advanced NSCLC patients, across multiple therapy lines. Primary analyses (median follow-up, 8.5 months) demonstrated a meaningful ORR with durable response in chemotherapy-naive 1L and 2L+ PD-L1–selected patients. Here we report updated efficacy data in 1L patients.
1L eligibility criteria included PD-L1–selected, advanced-stage NSCLC with no CNS metastases or prior chemotherapy. PD-L1 was centrally evaluated (VENTANA SP142 IHC assay). Patients expressing PD-L1 on ≥5% of tumor cells (TC) or tumor-infiltrating immune cells (IC), ie, TC2/3 or IC2/3, were enrolled. Patients with EGFR mutation or ALK rearrangement must have had prior TKI treatment. Atezolizumab 1200mg was administered IV q3w until radiographic disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was independent review facility(IRF)-assessed ORR. Secondary endpoints included investigator(INV)-assessed ORR, DOR, PFS (RECIST v1.1) and OS.
With a median follow-up of 14.6 months, median OS was not reached in TC3 or IC3 patients and was 20.1 months in TC2/3 or IC2/3 (ITT) patients; INV-assessed ORR was 32% and 24%, respectively (Table). Furthermore, ORR was 31% for mutant EGFR (n=13) vs 20% for wild-type EGFR patients (n=104), and 27% for mutant KRAS (n=33) vs 21% for wild-type KRAS patients (n=67). No new safety signals were observed. Updated efficacy (including IRF ORR), safety and exploratory biomarker analyses will be presented.
With longer follow-up, atezolizumab continued to demonstrate promising efficacy in 1L NSCLC. These results indicate that atezolizumab has durable efficacy in the 1L setting, in EGFR and KRAS mutant and wild-type tumors, and support ongoing Phase III trials evaluating atezolizumab vs chemotherapy in 1L NSCLC.
NE, not estimable.[a ]TC ≥50% or IC ≥10% PD-L1–expressing cells.[b ]TC or IC ≥5% PD-L1–expressing cells.
Endpoint(95% CI) TC3 or IC3[a](n=65) TC2/3 or IC2/3[b](n=139) INV ORR, % 32% (21.2–45.1) 24% (16.9–31.7) EGFR mutant/wild-type, % 25%/29% 31%/20% KRAS mutant/wild-type, % 38%/27% 27%/21% mDOR, mo 13.1 (8.5–NE) 13.1 (9.9–17.5) mOS, mo NE (12.0–NE) 20.1 (20.1–NE) 12-mo OS rate, % 61% (48.8–73.8) 66% (57.9–74.5) mPFS, mo 7.3 (4.9–12.0) 7.3 (5.6–9.1) 12-mo PFS rate, % 36% (23.8–48.8) 32% (24.0–40.7)
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P3.02c - Poster Session with Presenters Present (ID 472)
- Event: WCLC 2016
- Type: Poster Presenters Present
- Track: Advanced NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 12/07/2016, 14:30 - 15:45, Hall B (Poster Area)
P3.02c-038 - First-Line Atezolizumab plus Chemotherapy in Chemotherapy-Naïve Patients with Advanced NSCLC: A Phase III Clinical Program (ID 4956)
14:30 - 15:45 | Author(s): S. Coleman
First-line treatments for patients with advanced NSCLC include targeted therapies and platinum-based doublet chemotherapy±bevacizumab and/or pemetrexed. Although immunotherapies targeting the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway are available for advanced NSCLC beyond the first line, chemotherapy is a key first-line option for patients, despite poor survival outcomes, highlighting the need for additional treatment options. Atezolizumab, a monoclonal anti–PD-L1 antibody, inhibits the binding of PD-L1 to its receptors PD-1 and B7.1, restoring tumor-specific T-cell immunity. Clinical efficacy has been reported with atezolizumab monotherapy in patients with squamous and nonsquamous NSCLC, with a survival benefit observed across all PD-L1 expression levels. Additionally, Phase Ib data showed the potential for chemotherapy to further enhance responses to atezolizumab, with tolerable safety, in patients with NSCLC. Bevacizumab in combination with atezolizumab may enhance efficacy in non-squamous NSCLC by inhibiting VEGF-mediated immunosuppression. Four global, Phase III, randomized, open-label trials are evaluating atezolizumab+platinum-based chemotherapy±bevacizumab in chemotherapy-naive patients with stage IV NSCLC.
Eligible patients must have stage IV NSCLC, measurable disease (RECIST v1.1) and ECOG PS 0-1 and be chemotherapy naive. Exclusion criteria include untreated CNS metastases, autoimmune disease and prior exposure to immunotherapy. Patients will be enrolled regardless of PD-L1 expression status. Patients randomized to the experimental arm will receive atezolizumab 1200 mg with standard platinum-based chemotherapy in IMpower130 and 131 and also ±bevacizumab in IMpower150 for four or six 21-day cycles, then maintenance with atezolizumab in IMpower130 and 131 and atezolizumab+bevacizumab in IMpower150. In IMpower132, experimental-arm patients will receive atezolizumab+platinum-based chemotherapy+pemetrexed, then maintenance with atezolizumab+pemetrexed. Patients receiving atezolizumab may continue until loss of clinical benefit. Co-primary endpoints are progression-free survival and overall survival. Secondary endpoints include objective response rate and safety. Evaluation of predictive biomarkers associated with efficacy will be performed.
ECOG PS, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status; IHC, immunohistochemistry.
Trial IMpower130 IMpower131 IMpower132 IMpower150 Histology Nonsquamous Squamous Nonsquamous Nonsquamous Planned enrollment(N) 650 1025 568 1200 Experimental Atezolizuma +carboplatin +nab-paclitaxel Atezolizuma +carboplatin +paclitaxel or Atezolizumab +carboplatin +nab-paclitaxel Atezolizuma +carboplatin or cisplatin +pemetrexed Atezolizumab +carboplatin +paclitaxel or Atezolizumab +carboplatin +paclitaxel +bevacizumab Comparator Carboplatin +nab-paclitaxel Carboplatin +nab-paclitaxel Carboplatin or cisplatin +pemetrexed Carboplatin +paclitaxel +bevacizumab Stratification factors Sex Liver metastases Centrally assessed PD-L1 expression by IHC Sex Liver metastases Centrally assessed PD-L1 expression by IHC Sex ECOG PS Chemotherapy type (carboplatin vs cisplatin) Smoking status Sex Liver metastases Centrally assessed PD-L1 expression by IHC Identifier NCT02367781 NCT02367794 NCT02657434 NCT02366143
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