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A.L.C. Trajano



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    MA01 - Improvement and Implementation of Lung Cancer Screening (ID 368)

    • Event: WCLC 2016
    • Type: Mini Oral Session
    • Track: Radiology/Staging/Screening
    • Presentations: 1
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      MA01.10 - Performance of ACR Lung-RADS in the 1st Brazilian Lung Cancer Screening Trial (BRELT1) (ID 6156)

      11:00 - 12:30  |  Author(s): A.L.C. Trajano

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      In BRELT1 we found a significant number of low dose CT (LDCT) considered positive (nodules > 4mm). The aim of this study was to assess the effect of applying ACR Lung-RADS and Pre-Test Probability of Malignancy (PTPM) in suspicious nodules > 8mm founded in a clinical CT lung screening program.

      Methods:
      Clinical LDCT (baseline and follow up) containing nodules > 8mm were retroactively reclassified using the new ACR Lung-RADS™ structured reporting system and PTPM. The model used in this study to predict the probability of malignancy was designed by Swensen et al and included patient’s age, current or former smoker, diameter of the nodule, speculation and location. All LDCT had initially been interpreted by radiologists accredited in CT lung screening reporting following the National Comprehensive Cancer Network’s Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Lung Cancer Screening (version 1.2012), which considered as positive the same criteria from the National Lung Screening Trial.

      Results:
      In BRELT1 were recruited 790 current or former smokers, with a heavy smoking history. A total of 552 nodules were found in 312 positive LDCT at baseline (39%). LDCT follow up was performed in 89.1% of this population. From them 74 patients presented solid or semi solid nodules > 8mm in the highest diameter. According to ACR Lung-RADS™ 39 baseline LDCT were classified as 4A (52.7%), 6 as 4B (8.1%), 17 as 4X (22.9%) and 10 as 2 (13.5%). Follow-up LDCT showed reduction in the category in more than 80% of cases. Using the PTPM, 44 cases were considered at moderate risk (between 6 and 60%) and 30 cases of high risk for malignancy (over 60%). None was considered low risk (5% or less). Among 26 patients who underwent biopsy in BRELT1, we found 12 cases of lung cancer, of which 90% were stage IA or IB.

      Conclusion:
      The application of ACR Lung-RADS and PTPM associated with careful multidisciplinary assessment can help in the decision process. The follow-up of patients with positive nodules requires careful analysis of the main factors related to malignancy.

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