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MINI 08 - Prognostic/Predictive Biomarkers (ID 106)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Biology, Pathology, and Molecular Testing
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:T.E. Stinchcombe, N. Pavlakis
- Coordinates: 9/07/2015, 16:45 - 18:15, Mile High Ballroom 4a-4f
MINI26.01 - Tumour Molecular Profiling and Quantitative Detection of Circulating Biomarkers in Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (ID 317)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): F. McCaughan
The introduction of targeted therapy has transformed the care of patients with lung cancer by incorporating tumour genotyping into therapeutic decision making. Recent improvements in sequencing technology have allowed for a rapid and broad snapshot of a tumour’s genetic landscape. Circulating cell-free tumour DNA (cfDNA) can be detected in patients with solid organ malignancies and has the potential to be used as a non-invasive biomarker (“liquid biopsy”). By integrating the two approaches, it is possible to detect specific mutational events in diagnostic samples, assess tumour burden, longitudinally monitor the response to therapeutic intervention and detect disease recurrence. As we have shown previously, it may also facilitate the detection of emergent subclonal populations, including variants that confer resistance to specific therapeutic agents.
30 unselected treatment-naive patients with lung cancer were recruited from clinic. Paired DNA from tumour biopsies and plasma was obtained. Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) was performed on the tumour biopsy DNA. Primer sets and probes for identified mutations were optimised and validated on a microdroplet digital PCR (mdPCR) system.
25 of 30 patients in our test cohort had stage IIIB/IV non-small cell lung cancer. 25 of 30 patients (83%) of patients had mutations identified in their diagnostic specimen. 4 out of the 5 patients with no identifiable mutation in their diagnostic specimen presented with early disease and underwent curative surgery. The diagnostic specimens included endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) samples, percutaneous and pleural biopsies, surgical resection specimens and a brain biopsy. The corresponding mutation was then assayed in cfDNA and was detected in the pre-treatment plasma samples in 90% of patients. Results to date from this cohort will be presented in detail. There has been complete concordance between mutations identified as part of the clinical standard-of-care and our targeted NGS data.
It is feasible to perform a targeted NGS analysis on DNA from standard diagnostic lung cancer specimens and design generic and patient-specific biomarkers for use in a mdPCR assay of cfDNA. We aim to validate this approach and embed it in future clinical trial protocols.
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