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ORAL 42 - Drug Resistance (ID 160)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Biology, Pathology, and Molecular Testing
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:R.C. Doebele, J.V. DeGregori
- Coordinates: 9/09/2015, 18:30 - 20:00, Mile High Ballroom 4a-4f
ORAL42.05 - <em>SMARCA4</em>/BRG1 Is a Biomarker for Predicting Efficacy of Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (ID 849)
18:30 - 20:00 | Author(s): G. Bepler
Adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy remains a primary treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, identification of predictive biomarkers is critically needed to improve the selection of patients who derive the most benefit. In this study, we hypothesized that decreased expression of SMARCA4/BRG1, a known regulator of transcription and DNA repair, is a predictive biomarker of increased sensitivity to platinum-based therapies in NSCLC. Moreover, this study also sought to confirm the prognostic role of SMARCA4/BRG1 in NSCLC.
The prognostic value of SMARCA4 expression levels was tested using a microarray dataset from the Director’s Challenge Lung Study (n=440). Its predictive significance was determined using a gene expression microarray dataset (n=133) from the JBR.10 trial, and RT-PCR data from 69 patients enrolled on the MADe-IT trial and 33 platinum-treated patients from an institutional cohort.
In the Director's challenge study, low expression of SMARCA4 was found to be associated with poor overall survival compared to high and intermediate expression (P = 0.006). Upon multivariate analysis, compared to high, low SMARCA4 expression predicted an increased risk of death and confirmed its prognostic significance (HR=1.75; P=0.002). In the JBR.10 trial, improved five-year disease-specific survival was noted only in patients with low SMARCA4 expression when treated with adjuvant cisplatin/vinorelbine (HR 0.1, P= 0.001 (low); HR 1.1 , P= 0.762 (high)). An interaction test showed significance (P=0.007). In addition, a trend toward improved progression-free survival was noted only in patients with low SMARCA4 receiving a carboplatin- versus a non-carboplatin-based regimen in the MADe-IT trial. Figure 1 Fig1. Low SMARCA4 correlates with improved disease-specific survival with adjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy in the JBR.10 trial.
Although decreased expression of SMARCA4/BRG1 is significantly associated with worse prognosis, it is a novel significant predictive biomarker for increased sensitivity to platinum-based chemotherapy in NSCLC patients.
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