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MINI 37 - SCLC Therapy (ID 165)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Small Cell Lung Cancer
- Presentations: 1
MINI37.07 - PCI Survival Improvement for Extensive Stage SCLC Limited to Patients on Maintenance Systemic Therapy: A Secondary Analysis of CALGB 30504 (ID 861)
18:30 - 20:00 | Author(s): X. Wang
PCI has become standard of care for extensive stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) patients. However, one recent randomized study establishing this standard did not require brain imaging prior to enrollment, and another, which did, failed to show a benefit for PCI. CALGB 30504 (Alliance) was a randomized phase II study of sunitinib vs placebo in ES-SCLC patients responding to at least 4 cycles of platinum based therapy requiring baseline brain imaging at enrollment. As this study spanned the introduction of PCI for ES-SCLC, PCI was left to the discretion of the treating team. Therefore, we performed a secondary analysis of CALGB 30504 to determine the impact of PCI on ES-SCLC patients.
CALGB 30504 was a phase II randomized study in ES-SCLC comparing maintenance sunitinib versus placebo following SD or CR/PR to 4-6 cycles of etopside 100 mg/m d1-3 and either carboplatin AUC=5 or cisplatin 80 mg/m d1 q 21 days. Sunitinib was 150 mg PO d 1 then 37.5 mg PO qd until progression. The primary objective was to determine if maintenance sunitinib would improve PFS, as was recently reported. PCI was recommended at 25 Gy in 2.5 Gy fractions, within 4-6 weeks of chemotherapy, but not required. Sunitinib was to be held 2 days prior, during, and 2 days after the completion of PCI. All statistical analyses were performed by the statisticians at Alliance/CALGB Statistical and Data Center on the platform of SAS (version 9.3; SAS Institution Inc., Cary, North Carolina).
85 patients received maintenance therapy(41placebo, 44 sunitinib). 41 (48%) received PCI, 44 didn’t. All patients and tumor characteristics were balanced between PCI and no-PCI patients. PCI dose was 25 Gy for 31 patients (range: 25-37.5 Gy). Median time to PCI was 21 wks (range: 12-27 wks) from enrollment. For all patients, PCI was associated with an improvement in PFS (median 7.8 vs 6.5 mo HR=0.63 (95% CI: 0.41-0.98), p=0.037), but not OS (median 12.9 vs 13.2 mo, HR=1.01 (95% CI: 0.64-1.62), p=0.955). In placebo patients, there was no PFS or OS difference between patients receiving PCI or not. In patients randomized to sunitinib, PCI conferred a PFS benefit (9.7 vs 6.8 mo, HR=0.49 (95% CI: 0.26-0.92), p=0.024), but not an OS benefit (14.1 vs 13.5 mo, HR=0.85 (95% CI: 0.44-1.66), p=0.636). When restricted to patients who did not receive PCI, there was no difference in survival between sunitinib or placebo patients. In PCI patients, those receiving sunitinib had non-significant improvement in PFS (9.7 vs 6.7 months, HR=0.63 (95% CI: 0.34-1.20), p=0.158) and trended towards an improvement in OS (14.1 vs 10.6 months, HR=0.56 (95% CI: 0.29-1.10), p=0.087), which was magnified and approached significance when crossover patients were excluded (14.1 vs 10.0 mo, HR=0.49 (95% CI: 0.22-1.06), p=0.064).
PFS, and trends for OS improvement were limited to patients receiving the combination of PCI and maintenance sunitinib. Placebo patients did not benefit from PCI. Improved outcomes for ES-SCLC patients with PCI are likely limited to patients who achieve both intracranial and extracranial disease control.
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