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MINI 36 - Imaging and Diagnostic Workup (ID 163)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Screening and Early Detection
- Presentations: 1
MINI36.03 - Multi-Nodularity in Baseline CT Lung Cancer Screening and Relationship with Lung Cancer Probability (ID 1392)
18:30 - 20:00 | Author(s): R. Peters
Currently, there is little known about prevalence of multi-nodularity in a high risk screening population. Radiologists often find more than one nodule per screenee. Whether the number of lung nodules plays a role in the probability of lung cancer, remains still largely unknown.
In the Dutch-Belgian randomized lung cancer screening trial (NELSON), launched in 2003, participants were selected with at least one non-calcified nodule at baseline. The NELSON trial was approved by the Ministry of Health and the ethics board of each participating center. All participants gave written informed consent. The per-participant number of baseline nodules was determined. The probability of lung cancer was compared for categories based on the number of baseline nodules, using chi-square testing. Lung cancer diagnosis was confirmed by histology. Nodules were classified as benign if they did not show growth for up to six years after baseline.
3,392 participants (84,4% male, median age 58 years, median pack years 37,9) with 7,258 nodules at baseline CT screening were included. Of these 3,392 screenees, 1,746 (51,5%) had one nodule, 800 (23,6%) had two nodules, 354 (10,4%) had three nodules, 191 (5,6%) had four nodules, and 301 (8,9%) had five or more nodules. The probability of lung cancer was 61/354 (3.5%) in subjects with one nodule, 37/800 (4.6%) in those with two nodules, 17/354 (4.8%) for three nodules, 12/191 (6.3%) for four nodules and 10/301 (3.3%) when a participant had over four nodules (p=NS). In the baseline screening round, 62 subjects had a malignant nodule. Lung cancer diagnosis was made in the nodule with the largest volume in 60/62 (96.8%) cases. Overall, lung cancer was diagnosed in 137/3,392 subjects (4.0%) in whom nodules were found at baseline. Mean nodule count in screened subjects with only benign nodules was 2.1±1.8, compared to 2.3±2.2 in those with a malignant nodule.
At baseline CT lung cancer screening, nearly half of screened participants with lung nodules have more than one lung nodule. Nodule count did not have predictive value in the determination of lung cancer probability in lung cancer screening participants. In the first screening round, of all detected nodules per screenee, lung cancer was detected most frequently in the nodule with the largest volume.
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