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MINI 32 - Topics in Localized Lung Cancer (ID 166)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Localized Disease - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI32.09 - The Combination of Serum Biomarkers CYFRA 21-1 and CEA in the Prognostication of Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (ID 1353)
18:30 - 20:00 | Author(s): M.A. Schneider
Serum based biomarkers are routinely used for prognosis and monitoring of some solid tumors (e.g. colorectal, pancreatic, and ovarian carcinomas) but have not yet been widely adopted in NSCLC management. We prospectively evaluated the prognostic role of serum biomarkers in the management of early stage NSCLC treated at a single specialized center.
Prospective collection of blood samples from patients (pts) with resectable NSCLC was done before surgery and thereafter during routine follow up visits. A panel of serum biomarkers was measured, including CYFRA 21-1 (Cytokeratin fragment 19) and CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen). Several risk models were established and prediction accuracy was assessed by C-Index (generalized AUC), Hazard Ratio (HR) at median split and Net Reclassification Index (NRI).
275 pts were enrolled (n= 180 men). Histology was adenocarcinoma (AC) in 133 pts (48.4%), squamous cell carcinoma in 103 pts (37.5%), and other in 39 (14.1%). Stages were based on IASLC 6[th] edition and included IA (n= 39), IB (n= 120), IIA (n= 7), IIB (n= 66), and IIIA (n= 43). 92 pts (33.5%) recurred after a median of 11.9 months follow-up. Occurrence of first relapse showed two main peaks, at 6-12 months and 21-27 months, respectively, indicating a high-risk group for early relapse. In multivariate analyses, clinical prognostic factors included: TNM stage, age, gender, histology, and smoking history. Addition of the baseline CYFRA 21-1 and CEA biomarkers significantly increased the number of pts allocated to the correct prognostic group in the model by 13.2% compared to clinical variables only (HR for first relapse from 2.14 to 3.02; NRI 0.132).
In this largest cohort of NSCLC pts with prospective serum biomarker sample collection to date, time to first relapse in localized NSCLC showed subgroups of early and late relapse pts. Baseline levels of the CYFRA 21-1 and CEA biomarkers identified a higher number of pts who were likely to recur within the first year and might benefit from closer surveillance. The CYFRA 21-1 assay is currently not cleared or approved for use in the USA.
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