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MINI 31 - ALK (ID 158)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI31.09 - Association of Crizotinib Toxicity with Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacogenomics in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Harboring ALK Fusion Gene (ID 464)
18:30 - 20:00 | Author(s): Y. Okuma
Crizotinib, a standard care for advanced ALK-positive NSCLC, is a substrate for ABCB1-encoded P-glycoprotein, and is primarily metabolized by CYP3A4/5. The most common adverse events (AEs) are visual disorder, gastrointestinal disorders, and elevated transaminase levels. Serious AEs such as grade (Gr) ≥ 3 elevated transaminase levels and interstitial lung disease (ILD) occasionally develop.
ALK-positive NSCLC patients were enrolled in cohort A (enrollment before starting crizotinib therapy) or cohort B (enrollment during crizotinib therapy). Trough concentrations of crizotinib at steady state were measured using LC/MS/MS and ABCB1 polymorphisms were analyzed. We evaluated clinically significant AEs, defined as Gr 4 hematological toxicity, Gr ≥ 3 non-hematological toxicity, or any ILD. AEs during 8 weeks were also evaluated prospectively on the patients enrolled in cohort A.
A total of 78 patients at 17 institutions were enrolled. In cohort A (n = 47), AEs which occurred in more than 40% of patients during 8 weeks were ALT increased (75.0%), visual disorder (47.2%), anorexia (45.5%), nausea (45.5%), and AST increased (43.2%). In both cohorts (n = 75), 26 clinically significant AEs (n = 25) were observed: Gr ≥ 3 elevated transaminase level (14.7%), ILD (4.0%), Gr 4 neutropenia (4.0%), Gr 3 thromboembolic event (4.0%), Gr 3 esophagitis (2.6%), and Gr 3 QTc prolongation (2.6%). There was one treatment-related death (1.3%) due to ILD. Clinically significant AEs tended to occur more frequently in females than males, albeit without significance (38.4% vs. 19.2%, respectively; p = 0.09). Blood samples for trough concentrations of crizotinib at steady state were collected from 63 patients. The geometric mean of trough concentrations were 396 (95% CI, 325-483) ng/ml in male and 395 (95% CI, 329-474) ng/ml in female, respectively (p=0.569, Mann-Whitney U test). No clinical factors including gender, weight, body surface area, and age which influenced trough concentrations or AEs of crizotinib were identified. Moreover, the trough concentration of crizotinib was not significantly different between patient with clinically significant and without (429 [95% CI, 361-509] ng/ml vs. 378 [95% CI, 313-456] ng/ml, respectively [p=0.365]).
In this multicenter study, we observed crizotinib AEs as previously reported. Clinically significant AEs tended to occur more frequently in females than males, albeit without significance. Furthermore, we will present the association of clinically significant AEs and trough concentration with ABCB1 polymorphism.
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