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MINI 31 - ALK (ID 158)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI31.07 - Cardiac Toxicity of Crizotinib Therapy in Advanced ALK-Rearranged Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 2626)
18:30 - 20:00 | Author(s): Y. Zhang
Crizotinib (XALKORI [TM], Pfizer) , a tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting ALK, ROS1 and MET, is used for the therapy of advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Cardiac toxicity is one of its adverse events which may interrupt the administration of crizotinib. Elevation of CK-MB has been reported but it remains to be determined whether the level of CK-MB can reflect cardiac toxicity of crizotinib therapy. We investigated the clinical manifestations and relevant frequency of heart-related side effects in 94 advanced ALK-rearranged NSCLC patients with treatment of crizotinib to share experiences of management of cardiac toxicity of crizotinib.
A retrospective analysis was conducted to demonstrate the clinical manifestations as well as the corresponding frequency of cardiac toxicity in advanced ALK-rearranged NSCLC patients with treatment of crizotinib enrolled in our hospital in the past 4 years.
In the past 4 years, 95 advanced ALK-rearranged NSCLC patients were treated with crizotinib in our hospital, among which one patient dropped the treatment in 3 days due to grade 4 vomiting. In 94 eligible patients who continue the therapy more than one month, the heart-related side effects include QT interval prolongation (2/94), bradycardia (12/94), hypotension (3/94), aggravation of atrial fibrillation (1/94) and elevation of creatine kinase-MB(CK-MB) (59/94). Consequently, one of 2 patients with QT interval prolongation reduced dosage from 250 mg to 200mg twice daily for QT interval >500 ms on two electrocardiograms and then well tolerated. 12 patients with bradycardia presented asymptomatic and one patient with profound sinus bradycardia (heart rate [HR]≦45) continued crizotinib without dose reduction as she was asymptomatic and benefiting from continuous crizotinib treatment against the deadly disease. Patients with hypotension and aggravation of atrial fibrillation are tolerated and under close follow-up without dose reduction. Remarkably, we observed that majority of our patients (62.77%) experienced elevation of CK-MB and no correlation between age and CK-MB elevation (Pearson Correlation =-0.153，p=0.137).
Cardiac toxicity is common during crizotinib treatment so that heart-related examinations, such as ECG as well as CK-MB, should be performed regularly especially for those with prior heart disease.
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