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F. Denis



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    MINI 30 - New Kinase Targets (ID 157)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      MINI30.13 - A Phase II Trial of Pictilisib with Chemotherapy in First-Line Squamous NSCLC (ID 1653)

      18:30 - 20:00  |  Author(s): F. Denis

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      In squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the PI3-kinase (PI3K) pathway may be activated via several mechanisms including PIK3CA amplification and downregulation of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) expression; activation of this pathway can promote cell survival and enhance chemotherapy resistance. Pictilisib, a pan-PI3K inhibitor, potentiates the activity of taxanes and platinum agents in preclinical NSCLC models. This phase II, hypothesis-generating study (NCT01493843) evaluated the safety and efficacy of pictilisib in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel in patients with advanced or recurrent squamous NSCLC.

      Methods:
      Overall, 160 patients were randomized to receive carboplatin (target area under the curve [AUC] = 6 mg/ml/min) and paclitaxel (200 mg/m[2]) every 3 weeks with 340 mg oral pictilisib (n=81) or placebo (n=79) daily in the first 2 weeks of each cycle for a total of 4 cycles. Pictilisib or placebo was continued daily until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. Stratification factors included Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status and smoking status. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) in the intention-to-treat (ITT) population and in patients with PIK3CA amplification (assessed by chromogenic in situ hybridization [CISH]). Overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), safety, and PFS in the PTEN null/low subgroup were secondary endpoints. Tumor assessment was based on RECIST v1.1. Safety analyses were performed on patients who received at least one dose of study drug.

      Results:
      Median PFS in the ITT population was 5.6 months in the pictilisib arm and 5.5 months in the placebo arm (HR 0.82; 90% CI 0.60–1.12). Median OS was 11.7 months in the pictilisib arm and 12.2 months in the placebo arm (HR 1.10; 90% CI 0.77–1.57). PFS and OS analyses in patients with PIK3CA amplification will be presented. Median PFS for the PTEN null/low subgroup was 6.7 months in the pictilisib arm and 5.5 months in the placebo arm (HR 0.69; 90% CI 0.42–1.13). ORR in the ITT population was 28% in the pictilisib arm and 34% in the placebo arm. Common grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) included neutropenia (18%), rash (8%), and thrombocytopenia (7%). AEs led to higher proportion of discontinuations (22% in the pictilisib arm vs. 15% in the placebo arm) and AE-related deaths in the pictilisib arm (12 [14%] vs. 2 [3%] in the placebo arm). Deaths were due to disease progression or AEs typically reported in lung cancer. No unexpected safety signals were identified for pictilisib.

      Conclusion:
      In this first phase II trial of a PI3K inhibitor in first-line squamous NSCLC, the combination of pictilisib with chemotherapy introduced additional toxicity with a minimal PFS improvement and no OS benefit in the ITT population. The safety profile was consistent with other pictilisib trials. PTEN null/low expression did not identify a subgroup with significantly improved efficacy, although the prognostic value of PTEN as a biomarker in squamous NSCLC cannot be excluded. Efficacy analysis in the PIK3CA amplification subgroup is ongoing and will be presented at the conference.

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