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R. Mittapalli

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    MINI 30 - New Kinase Targets (ID 157)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      MINI30.03 - Smoking Predicts Sensitivity to PARP Inhibitor, Veliparib, in Advanced NSCLC Patients (ID 1279)

      18:30 - 20:00  |  Author(s): R. Mittapalli

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Tobacco-related non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is associated with reduced survival and greater genomic instability. Veliparib (V) is a PARP inhibitor that augments platinum-induced DNA damage in preclinical studies, and a recent Phase 2 trial of advanced NSCLC trended to improved survival (HR 0.80; CI 0.54–1.18) when V was added to carboplatin (C) and paclitaxel (P). Here we report outcomes based on smoking status from this randomized Phase 2 study of CP with either V or placebo in advanced NSCLC.

      Patients with previously untreated advanced/metastatic NSCLC were randomized 2:1 to CP with either V at 120mg BID or placebo (randomization stratified by histology and smoking history). Cotinine was measured in patients’ plasma samples as an index of recent tobacco use.

      Of 158 patients, 68% were male, and 49% had squamous NSCLC. At study entry, 60% pts were self-reported current smokers, 27% former smokers, and 13% never smoked. There were no significant differences in veliparib pharmacokinetic parameters between cotinine-high and low. Grade 3/4 AEs were elevated in current-smokers treated with VCP vs CP (66% vs. 40%, p=0.026); all-grade AEs and SAEs were similar between the two groups. The most common AEs in current-smokers were neutropenia (41% VCP; 27% CP), alopecia (36%; 33%), and anemia (31%; 40%). Figure 1 A sensitivity analysis of heavy vs light-smokers (≥ vs <39 pack-years, current or former smokers) showed advantage of veliparib in heavy-smokers: median PFS [HR(95% CI)] for VCP/CP was 7.0 vs 3.5 [0.43(0.20–0.94)] for heavy-smokers and 4.4 vs 4.2 [0.97(0.49–1.92)] for light-smokers; median OS was 12.6 vs 8.8 [0.52 (0.27–1.02)] for heavy-smokers and 9.9 vs 8.8 [0.92(0.53–1.61)] for light-smokers. A cotinine sensitivity analysis found that outcomes in cotinine-high were similar to current-smokers: PFS, cotinine-high HR was 0.38 (0.19–0.73) and cotinine-low was 0.97 (0.51–1.87); OS, cotinine-high HR was 0.52 (0.29–0.92) and cotinine-low was 1.07 (0.63–1.81). In univariate analyses assessing the influence of baseline characteristics and treatment on outcomes, smoking status and treatment had a significant interaction (p=0.0301 PFS, p=0.0118 OS). Additionally, multivariate analysis including all factors also identified current smoking as predictive of improved outcomes with VCP.

      Smoking status was a strong predictor of efficacy for veliparib-chemotherapy combination in advanced NSCLC. No differences in pharmacokinetics of V were seen based on plasma cotinine; toxicity of VCP was acceptable regardless of smoking history. A Phase 3 study has been initiated in patients with smoking history (M14-359).

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