Start Your Search
MINI 30 - New Kinase Targets (ID 157)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI30.03 - Smoking Predicts Sensitivity to PARP Inhibitor, Veliparib, in Advanced NSCLC Patients (ID 1279)
18:30 - 20:00 | Author(s): E. Kio
Tobacco-related non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is associated with reduced survival and greater genomic instability. Veliparib (V) is a PARP inhibitor that augments platinum-induced DNA damage in preclinical studies, and a recent Phase 2 trial of advanced NSCLC trended to improved survival (HR 0.80; CI 0.54–1.18) when V was added to carboplatin (C) and paclitaxel (P). Here we report outcomes based on smoking status from this randomized Phase 2 study of CP with either V or placebo in advanced NSCLC.
Patients with previously untreated advanced/metastatic NSCLC were randomized 2:1 to CP with either V at 120mg BID or placebo (randomization stratified by histology and smoking history). Cotinine was measured in patients’ plasma samples as an index of recent tobacco use.
Of 158 patients, 68% were male, and 49% had squamous NSCLC. At study entry, 60% pts were self-reported current smokers, 27% former smokers, and 13% never smoked. There were no significant differences in veliparib pharmacokinetic parameters between cotinine-high and low. Grade 3/4 AEs were elevated in current-smokers treated with VCP vs CP (66% vs. 40%, p=0.026); all-grade AEs and SAEs were similar between the two groups. The most common AEs in current-smokers were neutropenia (41% VCP; 27% CP), alopecia (36%; 33%), and anemia (31%; 40%). Figure 1 A sensitivity analysis of heavy vs light-smokers (≥ vs <39 pack-years, current or former smokers) showed advantage of veliparib in heavy-smokers: median PFS [HR(95% CI)] for VCP/CP was 7.0 vs 3.5 [0.43(0.20–0.94)] for heavy-smokers and 4.4 vs 4.2 [0.97(0.49–1.92)] for light-smokers; median OS was 12.6 vs 8.8 [0.52 (0.27–1.02)] for heavy-smokers and 9.9 vs 8.8 [0.92(0.53–1.61)] for light-smokers. A cotinine sensitivity analysis found that outcomes in cotinine-high were similar to current-smokers: PFS, cotinine-high HR was 0.38 (0.19–0.73) and cotinine-low was 0.97 (0.51–1.87); OS, cotinine-high HR was 0.52 (0.29–0.92) and cotinine-low was 1.07 (0.63–1.81). In univariate analyses assessing the influence of baseline characteristics and treatment on outcomes, smoking status and treatment had a significant interaction (p=0.0301 PFS, p=0.0118 OS). Additionally, multivariate analysis including all factors also identified current smoking as predictive of improved outcomes with VCP.
Smoking status was a strong predictor of efficacy for veliparib-chemotherapy combination in advanced NSCLC. No differences in pharmacokinetics of V were seen based on plasma cotinine; toxicity of VCP was acceptable regardless of smoking history. A Phase 3 study has been initiated in patients with smoking history (M14-359).
Only Active Members that have purchased this event or have registered via an access code will be able to view this content. To view this presentation, please login or select "Add to Cart" and proceed to checkout.