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ORAL 36 - Translational Science/Radiation (ID 151)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Treatment of Locoregional Disease – NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
ORAL36.02 - Efficacy of Chemo-Radiotherapy (CRT) in Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) and PD-L1 Expression (ID 2432)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): B. Lacas
Inhibition of the PD1/PD-L1 axis has been successfully developed in advanced NSCLC, and its role in locally advanced NSCLC is under investigation. The prognostic and predictive values of PD-L1 expression is still debated in advanced NSCLC and unknown in stage III NSCLC patients definitely treated by CRT
We reviewed all consecutive patients that received CRT or RT with a curative intentfor stage III NSCLC in a single institution. Paraffin embedded tissue block were collected, immunohistochemistry was performed on a Ventana Benchmarck Ultra platform using the E1L3N clone (Cell Signaling Technologies). All tumors were centrally reviewed and tumor cells were scored accordingly (Herbst et al., Nature 2014).Kaplan-Meier methods, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards models were used for survival analysis, adjusting for performance status (0, ≥1), stage (IIIA, IIIB) and thoracic surgery (yes, no). Median follow-up was estimated by the Schemper method
Between January 2002 and June 2013, clinical data from 190 patients were collected. Median dose of RT was 66 Gy (46-70). Chemotherapy, mostly based on doublets with platin salt was administrated concomitantly in 108 patients, as induction/consolidation treatment in 170 patients, and 15 patients did not receive any chemotherapy. Fifty NSCLC were evaluable for PD-L1 expression, 22 (44%) being positive. Fourteen (28%) were female, 24 (48%) were current-smoker, 17 (34%) had adenocarcinoma and there were 23/27 stage IIIA/IIIB. Evaluable and unevaluable populations for PD-L1 were not different. There were no clinical or pathological factors related to PD-L1 positivity. Median follow-up was 7.6 years (minimum: 0.7 year). Median OS was 1.1year(95% confidence interval (CI) 0.6-1.5) in PD-L1 positive (pos) and 2.0 years (95% CI 1.5-3.8) in PD-L1 negative (neg) (p=0.01), HR=2.3 (95% CI 1.2-4.5, p=0.01). Median PFS was 0.7 year (95% CI 0.6-0.8) in PD-L1pos and 1.0 year (95% CI 0.8-1.5) in PD-L1neg (p=0.04), HR=2.1 (95% CI1.1-4.0, p=0.03). There was no difference in terms of acute toxicity according to PD-L1 status (positive or negative):25 had oesophagitis (grade≥2) and 16 had pneumonitis (p=0.57 and p=0.23 respectively).
PD-L1 positivity was associated to a poorer survival in stage III NSCLC patients treated by definitive chemo-radiotherapy. Its prognostic and/or predictive value should be further evaluated in this population.
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