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ORAL 35 - Surgical Approaches in Localized Lung Cancer (ID 155)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Treatment of Localized Disease - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
ORAL35.05 - The Role of Surgical Mediastinal Resection in CT Screen-Detected Lung Cancer Patients (ID 960)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): W. Mayfield
Comparison of long-term survival of patients with clinical Stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with and without mediastinal lymph node resection (MLNR) in the International Early Lung Cancer Action Program, a large prospective cohort in a low-dose CT screening program.
All instances of thoracic surgery for first solitary primary non-small-cell lung cancer prompted by low-dose CT screening, performed under an IRB approved common protocol at each of the participating institutions since 1992 to 2014, are included. Follow-up time was calculated from diagnosis to death from lung cancer, last contact, or December 31, 2014, whichever came first. Univariate logistic regression analysis of the demographic, CT, and surgical findings for those with and without MLNR was performed. Kaplan-Meier (K-M) survival rates and Cox regression analysis was performed using all significant univariate variables.
The 10-year Kaplan-Meier (K-M) NSCLC-specific survival rate for the 225 patients manifesting as a subsolid nodule was 100%, regardless of whether they had MLNR (N = 169) or not (N = 56). For the 373 NSCLC patients manifesting as a solid nodule, for those who had MLNR (N = 285) and those who did not (N = 88), the K-M NSCLC-survival rate was not significantly different (86 % vs. 93%, P = 0.23). The rate was 95% vs. 96% (P = 0.86) for those whose pathologic tumor diameter was <= 10 mm; 83% vs. 94% (P = 0.19) for 11-20 mm, and 79% vs. 86% (P = 0.67) for 21-20 mm. Cox regression analysis comparing MLNR with no MLNR showed that survival rates were not significantly different (P = 0.33), but significantly survival decreased when the tumor diameter was above 20 mm (HR= 5.1, 95% CI: 1.6-15.7).
Lymph node evaluation is not necessary for resection of subsolid nodules in patients with screen-detected lung cancer.
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