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ORAL 34 - Quality/Survival/Prognosis in Localized Lung Cancer (ID 153)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Treatment of Localized Disease - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
ORAL34.03 - Prognostic Factors in Early Stage NSCLC: Analysis of the Placebo Group in the MAGRIT Study (ID 24)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): T. Laisaar
The MAGRIT study was a worldwide, multicenter, phase-3 double-blind, randomized trial evaluating efficacy of the MAGE-A3 Cancer Immunotherapeutic in resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT00480025). We examined baseline patient and disease characteristics associated with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) among patients assigned to placebo.
Study participants were ≥18 years, with histologically proven, MAGE-A3-positive stage IB, II or IIIA NSCLC (AJCC 6.0). Participants had undergone complete anatomical resection of the tumor (lobectomy or pneumectomy) with mediastinal lymph node (LN) dissection or sampling according to standard of care. Up to four cycles of platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy were allowed. Cox regression models were used to explore characteristics that could predict DFS and OS. Factors statistically significant in univariate analysis (p<0.05) were included in multivariate models using a stepwise approach (p<0.05 to enter/remain in the model).
There were 757 placebo patients in the total treated population; median age 63 years, 76% male, 53% with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 34% with adenocarcinoma, 98% with performance status 0-1, 52% had received adjuvant chemotherapy.In univariate analyses, SCC, lower N-category and earlier disease stage were associated with improved DFS. Lower N-category, earlier stage and smaller tumor size were associated with improved OS. In multivariate analysis, N-category (HR 1.34, 95%CI [1.16-1.55]) and histological type (HR for SCC vs non-SCC 0.64, 95%CI [0.51-0.81]) remained significant for DFS. N-category (HR 1.47, 95%CI [1.21-1.79]) and tumor size (HR by unit increase 1.08, 95%CI [1.01-1.15]) did so for OS. No association was found between DFS or OS and age, gender, race, region, baseline performance status, quantitative MAGE-A3 expression, chemotherapy administration or type of chemotherapy, smoking status or type of LN sampling (minimal/systematic). Among patients with SCC, univariate analysis identified increased number of chemotherapy cycles and operative technique (pneumectomy) as associated with improved DFS (p<0.05). Only operative technique remained in the multivariate model. When including N-category (p<0.10 in univariate analysis) in the multivariate model, N-category and number of chemotherapy cycles were also selected. Lower N-category and smaller tumor size were significantly associated with improved OS, in univariate and multivariate analyses. Among patients with non-SCC, univariate analysis identified younger age, being female, lower N-category and earlier disease stage with improved DFS, and lower N-category, earlier disease stage and region (East Asia) with improved OS. N-category and gender, and N-category and region remained significant in the multivariate analysis for DFS and OS, respectively.
This is the first prognostic factor analysis in resected NSCLC performed on data from a large, prospective randomized study. It highlighted that in terms of DFS, SCC patients have a better prognosis than non-SCC patients. N-category plays a major role in determining prognosis. Operative technique (pneumectomy), number of chemotherapy cycles (SCC) and gender (non-SCC) are also associated with outcome. Variables predictive for OS are N-category and tumor size (all) and region (non-SCC). These results confirm retrospective studies done within the context of TNM classification, but add that histopathology subtype is a strong determinant for DFS in resected NSCLC.
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