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ORAL 33 - ALK (ID 145)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
ORAL33.02 - Time to Progression and Post-Progression Survival in ALK+ Ceritinib-Treated NSCLC (ID 945)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): J. Signorovitch
There is strong interest in evaluating the outcomes of patients who have progressed after failing targeted agents. With different agents, the post-progression survival (PPS) may be either improved or shortened when a longer duration of time-to-progression (TTP) has been observed. This study evaluated the association between TTP and the duration of PPS among adult patients who received ceritinib for the treatment of advanced anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive (ALK+) NSCLC.
Patients experiencing disease progression during two single-arm, open-label, Phase I and II trials of ceritinib (ASCEND-1 [ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01283516] and ASCEND-2 [ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01685060]) were included in this analysis. For uniformity, all patients analyzed had received crizotinib prior to ceritinib. TTP after the initiation of ceritinib was studied as a predictor for the length of subsequent PPS using Cox proportional hazards models. Adjustments were made for patients’ baseline characteristics, including age, body mass index, gender, race, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score, number of prior regimens, tumor histology, and presence of brain metastases. A Kaplan-Meier analysis for PPS was performed stratified by shorter (< 6 months) versus longer TTP (≥ 6 months). As a secondary descriptive analysis, associations were quantified between the duration of TTP and the duration of survival (OS) measured as the sum of TTP and PPS.
Of 181 patients who experienced disease progression during study follow-up, 94% received at least one chemotherapy prior to baseline, 75% had an ECOG performance score greater than zero at screening, and 79 died during subsequent follow-up. In an unadjusted model, each 3 months of longer TTP was associated with a 24% lower hazard of death following progression (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.76, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.60-0.96). Results were similar after adjusting for baseline characteristics (HR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.61-0.97). Patients with TTP ≥ 6 months experienced significantly longer PPS compared to those with TTP < 6 months (median: 9.8 vs. 6.5 months, log-rank p-value < 0.01). This positive relationship between TTP and PPS translated into the duration of OS: each 3 months of longer TTP was associated with a 58% lower hazard of death after adjusting for baseline characteristics (HR: 0.42, 95% CI: 0.32-0.54). Median OS was not reached for patients with TTP ≥ 6 months and was 10.3 months for patients with TTP < 6 months.
A longer duration of TTP after treatment with ceritinib was significantly associated with both longer duration of PPS and longer OS.
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