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ORAL 31 - PD1 Axis Inhibition (ID 143)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
ORAL31.07 - A Phase II Trial of Pembrolizumab for Untreated Brain Metastases from Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (ID 824)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): E. Rowen
Patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) often develop brain metastases (BrMs), and standard therapy such as surgery or radiation can cause toxicity and delay systemic treatment. Pembrolizumab is a PD-1 inhibitor with promising clinical activity and a favorable toxicity profile in patients with advanced NSCLC, however the efficacy of pembrolizumab in the central nervous system (CNS) is unknown. This trial aims to determine the safety and activity of pembrolizumab in patients with advanced NSCLC and untreated brain metastases.
Eligibility for patients with NSCLC in this Phase II trial includes the presence of at least 1 BrM between 5 and 20 mm that is asymptomatic, untreated or progressing after prior local therapy, and not requiring urgent local therapy. PD-L1 expression in tumor obtained since the most recent systemic therapy is required. Patients are treated with pembrolizumab 10mg/kg every 2 weeks. Systemic response is determined by RECIST 1.1, and BrM response is determined by modified RECIST (mRECIST) in which brain lesions ≥ 5mm are considered measurable and up to 5 target lesions are allowed. The primary endpoint of this trial is BrM response rate.
Fifteen patients with NSCLC and untreated BrMs were treated with pembrolizumab, none of whom had a drug-related Grade ≥ 3 adverse event (AE) or any grade AE attributed to BrMs. Of the 10 patients evaluable for response, 5 (50% with 95% CI: 0.24-0.76) had a BrM response (4 partial and 1 complete) and 5 had a systemic response. Only one patient who responded in the body had progressive disease in the brain; all other patients who had a systemic response also had a CNS response. The duration of response in the brain was at least 12 weeks for 4 of the 5 responders, and all responses are ongoing at the time of data analysis.
To our knowledge this is the first study to demonstrate that the PD-1 inhibitor pembrolizumab has activity in the CNS in patients with NSCLC and untreated brain metastases. To date there have been no drug-related neurologic or significant toxicity identified. Patient enrollment and biomarker analysis are ongoing.
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