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ORAL 31 - PD1 Axis Inhibition (ID 143)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
ORAL31.03 - Evaluation of Disease-Related Symptoms in Patients with Advanced Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated with Nivolumab or Docetaxel (ID 743)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): C. Coon
The CheckMate 017 (NCT01642004) randomized, open-label, global phase 3 study evaluated efficacy and safety of second-line nivolumab vs docetaxel in patients with advanced squamous (SQ) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Overall survival was significantly superior and duration of treatment longer for nivolumab vs docetaxel. The study also evaluated disease-related symptoms using the Lung Cancer Symptom Scale (LCSS).
The LCSS includes 100 mm visual analog scales for 6 major lung cancer symptoms plus three global items evaluating the impact of symptoms; 0 represents the least severity and 100 the greatest severity. Assessment was performed every 4 weeks for nivolumab and every 3 weeks for docetaxel for the first 6 months on treatment, followed by every 6 weeks for the remainder of the treatment period for both study arms. Following treatment discontinuation, the LCSS also was assessed at two follow-up visits. The LCSS average symptom burden index (ASBI) was computed from the 6 individual symptom scores. Mean baseline and mean change from baseline of the LCSS ASBI at each assessment were summarized by treatment group. A study secondary endpoint was to estimate the proportion of patients whose LCSS ASBI showed a clinically meaningful improvement by week 12 (10 point or greater decrease, the minimally important difference [MID]), which was based on all randomized patients.
Patient baseline characteristics were generally balanced across treatment groups. LCSS completion rates for baseline and at least one subsequent assessment were 68.9% and 62.8% for nivolumab and docetaxel, respectively. Completion rates remained relatively consistent throughout assessments and by treatment arm. Baseline LCSS ASBI values were similar for nivolumab (29.6; standard deviation [SD] 16.4) and docetaxel (29.6; SD 14.7). By week 12, 20.0% (27/135; 95% CI: 13.6, 27.7) of nivolumab patients demonstrated clinically meaningful symptom improvement compared to 21.9% (30/137; 95% CI: 15.3, 29.8) of docetaxel patients. Examining mean changes from baseline in patients’ LCSS ASBIs at each assessment, the nivolumab group demonstrated statistically significant improvements from baseline at each assessment from week 12 through week 54, after which sample sizes dropped to fewer than 10 patients; from week 40 through 54, the mean improvements exceeded the MID. In contrast, docetaxel patients remaining on treatment had no statistically significant changes in LCSS ASBI through week 18, after which the sample dropped to fewer than 10 patients. In the two follow-up visits after treatment discontinuation, the mean of the LCSS ASBI for both nivolumab and docetaxel patients indicated similar worsening of symptoms relative to baseline (range, 5.5–9.5); for docetaxel patients, the differences from baseline were statistically significant.
By week 12, the proportion of patients showing meaningful symptom improvement was similar for both the nivolumab and docetaxel groups. However, the overall average symptom burden while on nivolumab improved from baseline over most of the year of available follow up, while average symptom burden for docetaxel patients remained stable relative to baseline during their shorter time on treatment. These results show statistically and clinically significant reductions from baseline in lung cancer symptoms for patients with squamous NSCLC treated with second-line nivolumab.
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