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MINI 28 - Psychological Impact of Lung Cancer and its Treatment (ID 150)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Palliative and Supportive Care
- Presentations: 1
MINI28.07 - Interdisciplinary Palliative Care for Lung Cancer Patients and Family Caregivers (ID 379)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): T. Borneman
Palliative care is focused on supporting the best possible quality of life (QOL) for patients and family caregivers (FCGs) coping with serious and complex illnesses such as lung cancer. Although the accepted definition of palliative care encompasses the entire trajectory of the cancer continuum from diagnosis to the end of life, the majority of published palliative care trials focused primarily on patients with metastatic disease. The purpose of this National Cancer Institute-supported Program Project (P01) was to test the effect of a concurrent, interdisciplinary palliative care intervention in patients with Stage I-IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and FCGs in an ambulatory care setting, comparing the usual care and intervention groups.
Patients undergoing treatments for NSCLC and their FCGs were enrolled in a prospective, sequential design whereby the usual care group was accrued first followed by the intervention group. Patients and FCGs in the intervention group completed a comprehensive QOL assessment at baseline, and were presented by nurses at weekly interdisciplinary care meetings. They also received four educational sessions that addressed physical, psychological, social, and spiritual well-being needs. Patients and FCGs in the usual care group received disease-focused therapies and procedures and were referred by their treating oncologist to palliative care services as needed per standard of care. Patients’ QOL, symptoms, and psychological distress were assessed at baseline and 12 weeks using validated measures which included the FACT-L, FACIT-Sp-12, LCS, and the Distress Thermometer. FCG outcomes included QOL, psychological distress, perceived burden, and caregiving preparedness, with validated measures that included the COH-QOL-FCG, Distress Thermometer, Caregiver Burden Scale, and Caregiver Skills Preparedness Tool. Outcomes were tested using factorial ANOVAs controlling for baseline scores, with disease stage as a blocking variable and group (usual care versus intervention) as the factor.
A total of 491 patients (219 = usual care; 272 = intervention) and 354 FCGs (157 = usual care; 197 = intervention) who completed baseline assessments were included in the primary analysis. Patients who received the intervention had significantly better scores for QOL (109.1 vs. 101.4; p<.001), symptoms (25.8 vs. 23.9; p<.001) spiritual well-being (38.1 vs. 36.2; p=.001), lower psychological distress (2.2 vs. 3.3; p<.001), and more advance care planning (44% versus 9%; p<.001) at 12 weeks compared to patients in the usual care group. FCGs in the intervention group had significantly better scores for social well-being (5.84 vs. 6.86; p<.001) and lower psychological distress (4.61 vs. 4.20; p=.010) at 12 weeks compared to FCGs in the usual care group. Survival analysis for stage IV patients using the Kaplan-Meier approach did not achieve statistical significance but showed a 6 month difference in favor of the intervention group. t included the COH-QOL-FCG, Distress Thermometer, Caregiver Burden Scale, and Caregiver Skills Preparedness Tool. Outcomes were tested using factorial ANOVAs controlling for baseline scores, with disease stage as a blocking variable and group (usual care versus intervention) as the factor.
Interdisciplinary palliative care in the ambulatory care setting resulted in significant improvements in QOL, symptoms, and psychological distress for NSCLC patients and FCGs.
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