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MINI 07 - ChemoRT and Translational Science (ID 110)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Locoregional Disease – NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI07.11 - Isotoxic Dose Escalation and Acceleration in Lung Cancer Chemoradiotherapy (ID 1522)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): M.C. Illsley
RTOG 0617 investigated standard dose radiotherapy (RT) versus higher dose in the context of concurrent chemoRT with no advantage to higher dose treatment. IDEAL CRT investigated an alternative RT dose-escalation strategy with concurrent chemoRT in locally advanced NSCLC. Dose-per-fraction-escalation was used to achieve intensification without treatment prolongation. The trial would determine the maximum tolerable dose (MTD) deliverable to esophagus, and assess toxicity and early clinical outcomes for the schedule.
Patients were enrolled to 2 groups, depending on maximum esophageal dose. Tumor doses were determined by esophageal constraints in Group 1 and other normal tissue constraints in Group 2. Patients received 63-73Gy in 30 once-daily fractions / 6 weeks with 2 concurrent cycles of cisplatin and vinorelbine. Group 1 esophageal dose-escalation followed a 6+6 design, increasing maximum dose to 1cc esophagus from 65Gy, 68Gy then 71Gy in successive cohorts, defining MTD by early and late toxicity. Efficacy endpoints were overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and tumor response.
8 centres recruited 84 patients, treating 13, 12 and 10 in 65Gy, 68Gy and 71Gy group 1 cohorts. Prescribed RT doses are shown in figure 1. Median follow-up 24 months. 57 patients (68%) were stage IIIa and 21 (25%) IIIb. 5 grade 3 esophagitis events observed across both groups and 3 grade 3 pneumonitis. Following 1 fatal esophageal perforation in the 71Gy cohort, 68Gy was declared as esophageal MTD. Overall Survival (OS) and Progression Free Survival (PFS) were 87.8% and 72.0% at 1 year, and 67.1% and 50.4% at 2 years, median OS 39.3 months. OS is shown in figure 2. Figure 1 Figure 2
Acceptable toxicity rates and promising survival were achieved. The isotoxic design proved practical, allowing significant treatment intensification and definition of MTD with relatively few patients. Results from longer follow-up are required and will be presented at the meeting.
P3.01 - Poster Session/ Treatment of Advanced Diseases – NSCLC (ID 208)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Poster
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Coordinates: 9/09/2015, 09:30 - 17:00, Exhibit Hall (Hall B+C)
P3.01-079 - Addition of Hsp27 Inhibitor Apatorsen to First-Line Gemcitabine/Carboplatin in Advanced Squamous Cell Lung Cancer: Design of the Cedar™ Trial (ID 2169)
09:30 - 17:00 | Author(s): M.C. Illsley
Outcomes remain poor in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) of squamous origin. There are few established therapeutic targets, and benefits of chemotherapy are frequently short-lived, with rapid development of treatment resistance. More effective therapies are urgently required. Substantial preclinical data demonstrate that heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) affects numerous pathways implicated in cancer progression and treatment resistance. Approximately 70-98% of squamous-cell tumours express Hsp27. Apatorsen (OGX-427) is a second generation antisense oligonucleotide that effectively down-regulates Hsp27 in vitro and in vivo; clinical studies are evaluating apatorsen in lung, bladder, prostate, and pancreatic cancers.
The phase 2, UK, investigator led, randomized, open-label trial Cedar trial was initiated in July 2014. Eligible patients have confirmed Stage IIIB/IV squamous cell lung cancer and no prior chemotherapy for advanced disease, with ECOG score of 0-2 and adequate bone marrow, renal, and liver function; patients with known EGFR mutation or ALK rearrangements are excluded. Planned enrollment is 140 patients; randomization (1:1) is stratified by stage and performance status. Patients receive 21-day cycles of gemcitabine (1250 mg/m) and carboplatin (AUC5) or gemcitabine/carboplatin plus apatorsen (600 mg IV/wk, preceded by 3 doses during a 9-day loading period) for up to 6 cycles. Tumor evaluation occurs q6 wks. Patients randomized to apatorsen may continue weekly single agent maintenance until progressive disease (PD), unacceptable toxicity, or withdrawal of consent. The primary efficacy measure is progression-free survival. Secondary efficacy measures include objective response (OR), change in tumour size at 12 wks, clinical benefit rate, duration of OR/clinical benefit, overall survival, and proportion without PD at 12 and 24 wks. Efficacy analyses are intent-to-treat. Adverse events and laboratory results are assessed, and interim safety analyses are planned. Pre-specified subset analyses will characterize the relevance of Hsp27 expression in tumour and blood samples.
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