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ORAL 29 - MASCC-IASLC Joint Session: Palliative and Supportive Care (ID 136)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Palliative and Supportive Care
- Presentations: 1
ORAL29.06 - Skeletal Muscle and Lean Body Mass Loss Are Associated with Poorer Prognosis in Patients with NSCLC Treated with Afatinib (ID 3053)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): J. Turcott
Irreversible tyrosine kinase inhibitors of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) such as afatinib have shown clinical benefits and prolonged survival in patients with NSCLC. Weight loss and sarcopenia are common in NSCLC patients and have been recognized as important prognostic factors of toxicity and survival. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of muscle and
Patients diagnosed with NSCLC, who progressed to prior chemotherapy, received 40 mg of afatinib. Skeletal muscle (SM) was quantified by computed tomography scan analysis using pre-established Hounsfield (HU) unit threshold and lean body mass (LBM) was calculated with the following formula: LBM (kg)=(0.30 × (skeletal muscle area at L3 using CT (cm))+6.06). These variables were estimated at baseline (T0) and after four months of treatment with afatinib (T1).
Eighty-four patients were assessed at baseline. 70.2% were female, mean age was 59.3±1.6 years, 94% had adenocarcinoma, 53.6% received afatinib as 2nd line of treatment, and 91.7% had a good performance status (ECOG 0-1). Patients included were both EGFR+ (23.8%) and EGFR- (76%). Body composition evaluation was obtained at T0 and T1 in 46 patients, median differences (∆) between T0 and T1 for SM, LBM and weight were -1.4(-56.8, +27.9 cm), -0.42(-17,-8 kg) and -0.1(-12,+6), respectively, and were not statistically significant. Median OS and PFS were 23.8(17.9-29.7) months and 8.9(5.5-12.4) months, respectively (including EGFR+ and EGFR-). Weight loss was not statistically associated with poorer OS or PFS. However, SM and LBM loss greater that the median had a negative impact on PFS and OS. Figure 1(Figure1).
SM and LBM changes throughout treatment with EGFR TKIs should be evaluated. Nutritional interventions should be focused on the maintenance of SM and LBM. Further clinical trials should focus on interventions improving these body composition variables since they are associated with better OS and PFS in patients with NSCLC treated with afatinib.
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