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MINI 25 - Trials, Radiation and Other (ID 142)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Thymoma, Mesothelioma and Other Thoracic Malignancies
- Presentations: 1
MINI25.09 - Percutaneous Cryoablation for Recurrent Mesothelioma following Lung Sparing Pleurectomy and Decortication: Safety and Efficacy (ID 3206)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): W. Hsu
Percutaneous cryoablation (PC) is an ablative technique, being used for local treatment of recurrent mesothelioma in patients following surgical lung sparing decortication and pleurectomy, and occasionally for palliative control of tumor extension to vital structures or pain control. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PC in local control of recurrent mesothelioma.
With IRB approval, patients with recurrent mesothelioma following lung sparing pleurectomy and decortication with at least one PC were identified from a database containing ablation information. Intra procedural and immediate post procedural hospital information was assessed for complications and follow up imaging was used to asses for late complications and recurrence. Patients were followed with CT and and PET/CT scans for 6 and some up to 12 months. Local recurrence determined by increased regional metabolic activity or increased size of post ablation zone at 6 months. A stepwise multiple logistic regression model was used to assess predictors of local recurrence after ablation, considering clinical variables including: stage at diagnosis, chemotherapy, radiation, recurrence time lag following surgery, and number of lesions at time of recurrence presentation, And PC variables including: size of the lesion, edge of ice ball beyond the tumor, number of probes, size of probes, number of cryo cycles, maximum and total freeze and thaw time.
From the database, 25 patients were identified who underwent a total of 117 outpatient cryoablations (range of 1-25). 4 ablations in 3 patients were performed for palliative and pain control indications. Lesions measured a mean of 32.5 mm (range 9-113) by 18.0 mm (range 6-60) in diameter. At 6 months 110/117 (94.0%) of ablations showed no recurrence. No major, but minor complications including hematoma, small pneumothorax and hemoptysis in one patient each and erythema in 3 chest wall subcutaneous lesions (5/117 =4.2%). Late complications in 4/117 (3.4%) ablations. Considering the clinical and cryoablation variables no recurrence was seen in patients having the edge of iceball more than 7 mm beyond the tumor.
PCT can be used for management of recurrent mesothelioma following surgery with low recurrence rate of 6%, and limited procedural complications 4.2% and late complications of 3.4%. When performing PCT, at least 7 mm of the of iceball is needed to extend beyond the edge of tumor to limit local recurrence.
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