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MINI 23 - Lung Cancer Risk: Genetic Susceptibility and Airway Biology (ID 135)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Screening and Early Detection
- Presentations: 1
MINI23.12 - HAases and HAS in Lung/Bronchial Pre-Neoplastic Lesions: Impact on Prognosis (ID 395)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): L. Carvalho
Lung cancer is the result of a multi-step accumulation of genetic and/or epigenetic alterations; therefore, a better understanding of the molecular mechanism, by which these alterations affect lung cancer pathogenesis, would provide new diagnostic procedures and prognostic factors for early detection of recurrence. In this regard, many have studied molecular or other markers in pre-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions to discover what might relate to tumor recurrence and shortened survival.
A series of 136 lung/bronchial and lung parenchyma tissue samples from 136 patients consisting of basal cell hyperplasia, squamous metaplasia, moderate dysplasia, adenomatous hyperplasia, severe dysplasia, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma were analyzed for the distribution of hyaluronidase 1 (HYAL1) and 3 (HYAL3), and hyaluronan synthases 1 (HAS1), 2 (HAS2) and 3 (HAS3) by immunohistochemistry.
HYAL 1 was significantly more expressed in basal cell hyperplasia compared to moderate dysplasia (p=0.01), atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (p=0.0001) and severe dysplasia (p=0.03). A lower expression of HYAL 3 was found in atypical adenomatous hyperplasia compared to basal cell hyperplasia (p=0.01) and moderate dysplasia (p=0.02). HAS 2 was significantly higher in severe dysplasia compared to basal cell hyperplasia (p=0.002), and equally higher in squamous metaplasia compared to basal cell hyperplasia (p=0.04). HAS 3 was significantly expressed in basal cell hyperplasia compared to atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (p=0.05) and severe dysplasia (p=0.02). A lower expression of HAS 3 was found in severe dysplasia compared to squamous metaplasia (p=0.01) and moderate dysplasia (p=0.01). Epithelial HYAL 1 and 3 and HAS 1, 2 and 3 expressions were significantly increased in pre neoplastic lesions compared to neoplastic lesions. Comparative Cox multivariate analysis controlled by N stage and histologic types of tumors showed a significant association between poor survival and high pre neoplastic cell associated to HAS3 (HR=1.19; p=0.04).
We concluded that localization of HYALs and HASs in lung/bronchial pre-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions was inversely related to malignancy, these factors emerging as potentially important diagnostic markers in patients with suspicion of lung cancer.