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MINI 20 - Surgery (ID 137)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Locoregional Disease – NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI20.13 - A Prospective Comparison of FDG-PET & EBUS for Determining the Extent of Mediastinal Lymph Node Involvement in NSCLC (ID 2323)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): D. Gunawardana
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be treated with curative intent using radiotherapy, either as single modality or in combination with systemic chemotherapy. Most commonly, radiation treatment is planned based on findings at 18-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography (PET), following pathologic confirmation of involvement at a single mediastinal site. We hypothesized that systematic mediastinal evaluation with EBUS-TBNA in NSCLC patients considered for radical radiation therapy may identify disease extent discrepant with that indicated by PET-CT.
This prospective ethics board-approved multi-centre cohort study in three Austrailan tertiary centres consented patients prior to mediastinal evaluation with Endobronchial Ultrasound-guided Transbronchial Needle Aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) for NSCLC,where non-invasive imaging indicated the likely treatment modality would include radical radiotherapy. EBUS evaluation was performed systematically with sampling of any lymph node (LN) exceeding 6mm diameter.
Thirty eligible patients with NSCLC form the basis of this report. No procedural complications occurred during performance of EBUS-TBNA. LN sampling was performed from a mean 2.5 lymph node stations per patient (median 3,range 1–5). Adequate samples were obtained from all sites examined by EBUS-TBNA. Mean long-axis size of sampled LN was 16+7.8mm (median 13mm,range 5–36mm). 24% of sampled LN were 10mm or less. Discordant findings were observed in 10 of 30 patients (33%) (Figure 1) EBUS-TBNA identified a greater extent of mediastinal involvement than PET in four patients, with invasive sampling resulting in upstaging in three patients. In one further patient, extent of disease was greater than noted on PET due to more proximal involvement of LN disease not resulting in stage advancement. Median size of LN upstaged by EBUS was 7.5mm (range 7–9). In eleven mediastinal LN in six patients, EBUS identified a lesser extent of mediastinal disease than PET, including two patients down-staged from N3 à N2. Median size of LN down-staged by EBUS was 12mm (range 6–21). FIGURE 1. Flowchart of patients Figure 1
Our findings demonstrate clinically significant discrepancy between two modalities frequently used to stage mediastinal disease extent in NSCLC patients being considered for radiotherapy. PET-based radiotherapy planning alone may not be appropriate given the risk of excessively large, or insufficiently large, radiation fields where planning is not based on invasive LN sampling. These results suggest minimally invasive comprehensive/systematic mediastinal staging should be considered for all patients prior to radiotherapy to accurately assess pathologic stage and extent of disease, and to ensure treatment fields most accurately encompass all sites of disease.
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