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M. Johnson

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    MINI 18 - Radiation Topics in Localized NSCLC (ID 139)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: Treatment of Localized Disease - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      MINI18.02 - Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Is Safe and Effective in Octo- and Nonagenarians for the Treatment of Early Stage Lung Cancer (ID 3072)

      16:45 - 18:15  |  Author(s): M. Johnson

      • Abstract
      • Slides

      To determine the safety and efficacy of lung SBRT in older patients and to compare their outcomes to those of younger patients.

      Patients with primary lung cancer treated with SBRT were identified from a multi-institutional (5) database of 1192 cases. Details of patient factors, treatment specifics, toxicity and clinical outcomes were extracted from the database. All events were calculated from the end of radiotherapy. Estimates of local (LR), regional (RR), and distant metastases (DM) were calculated using the competing risk method. Cause specific (CSS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated using the Kaplain-Meier method. Outcomes were compared for those <70, 70-79, >=80. Toxicity was graded per CTCAE V3.0. The 90 day mortality was reported for those <70, 70-79, >=80. Univariable analysis was performed to determine associations with CSS in patients aged >70.

      The median follow-up was 1.7years (1-10y) and median age 75 (41-94). There were 364 patients age <70 (28%), 546 age 70-79 (42%) and 387 age ³80 (48%). 621(48%) were female, 1125(87%) were peripheral and 852(66%) were biopsied. There was no difference in baseline SUV (p=0.6), histology (p=0.4), radiation dose (p=0.1), gender (p=0.3) or biopsy rate (p=0.2) among the three age groups. Patients aged >=80 had significantly more T2 tumors 21% vs 23% vs 32 % (p<0.01). There was no difference in 5 year LR (10% vs 11.5% vs 10%, p=0.7), RR (22% vs 10% vs 9%, p=0.1), DM (17% vs 16% vs 21%, p=0.07) or CSS (80% vs 80% vs 75%, p=0.6). Those age ³80 had significantly lower 5 year OS (75% vs 44% vs 23%, p<0.01). The grade 3+ pneumonitis rate was 1.3% vs 1.6% vs 1.5% (p=0.9) in patients ages <70,70-79, >=80 respectively. The 90 day mortality rates for patients aged <70,70-79, >=80 were 1.4%, 2.7%, and 2.6% respectively. In patients aged >70 CSS was associated with tumor size (p<0.01; HR1.4) and baseline SUV max (p=0.03; HR1.04).

      SBRT is a safe treatment modality in elderly patients (aged >80). Despite larger tumor volumes, the tumor control outcome were identical to the younger patients treated with SBRT. All patients, regardless of age, should be considered for treatment of early stage lung cancer (T1-T2) with SBRT.

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