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MINI 18 - Radiation Topics in Localized NSCLC (ID 139)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Localized Disease - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI18.01 - Stereotactic Body Radiation v. Observation for Early-Stage NSCLC in Elderly Patients (ID 137)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): J.L. Mikell
Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has demonstrated high rates of local control with low morbidity and has now emerged as the new standard of care for medically inoperable, early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the impact of lung SBRT on survival in the elderly population is less clear given competing co-morbid conditions. An analysis of the National Cancer Data Base (NCDB) was undertaken to determine whether definitive SBRT in patients 70 and older improves survival relative to observation alone.
The NCDB, a retrospective national database capturing up to 80% of all patients treated for cancer, was queried for patients ages 70 or higher with early stage (T1-T3N0M0) NSCLC from years 2003-2006. Overall survival was compared between patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy alone and patients receiving no treatment. Extended Cox proportional hazards model was applied to estimate the treatment effect of SBRT.
A total of 3,147 patients met the selection criteria for this analysis. SBRT was delivered to 258 patients (8.2%) and 2889 patients (91.8%) received no treatment. There was no significant difference in the distribution of Charlson/Deyo comorbidity index scores between the two groups (p=0.076). Multivariable analysis revealed improved overall survival with SBRT compared with observation for the entire cohort (HR 0.64, p<0.001), as well as for each age group as follows: 70-74, HR=0.72; 75-79, HR=0.66; 80-84, HR=0.59; 85 and above, HR=0.56.
SBRT is associated with improved survival in elderly patients with early stage NSCLC with concurrent comorbid conditions compared to observation alone . The data support the use of SBRT for treatment of elderly patients with early stage NSCLC that have limiting co-morbid conditions.