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S. Smith-Marrone

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    MINI 16 - EGFR Mutant Lung Cancer 2 (ID 130)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      MINI16.14 - A Phase 1 Study of Erlotinib and Ruxolitinib in Patients with EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancers and Acquired Resistance to Erlotinib Therapy (ID 2818)

      16:45 - 18:15  |  Author(s): S. Smith-Marrone

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Patients with EGFR-mutant lung cancers treated with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) develop clinical resistance, often associated with acquisition of EGFR T790M. Upregulation of JAK/STAT signaling is involved in resistance to EGFR TKIs and JAK inhibition is a proposed treatment strategy in the setting of acquired resistance by restoring sensitivity to erlotinib. Ruxolitinib is an FDA-approved oral JAK1/2 inhibitor given at 20mg twice daily for hematologic malignancies with a largely non-overlapping toxicity profile with erlotinib.

      We evaluated the toxicity and efficacy of once daily oral erlotinib and twice daily oral ruxolitinib in patients with EGFR-mutant lung cancers and acquired resistance to erlotinib therapy (NCT02155465). Using a 3+3 dose escalation, we assessed escalating doses of ruxolitinib (10mg BID, 15mg BID, 20mg BID) with erlotinib 150mg daily for 21 day cycles. Response was evaluated by RECIST 1.1. Tissue and peripheral blood samples were obtained; exosomes will be extracted from peripheral blood and molecular and proteomic analyses will be performed.

      From May 2014 to February 2015, 12 patients (pts) were enrolled. Median age: 60; Women: 7 (58%); never-smokers: 6 (50%); EGFR L858R=4 (33%) and Exon 19 deletion=8 (67%). Two of twelve (17%) were EGFR T790M positive at rebiopsy at the time of acquired resistance. Of 12 pts treated, 3 received ruxolitinib 10mg BID, 3 received 15mg bid and 6 received 20mg BID with erlotinib 150mg daily. No dose limiting toxicities were seen. The recommended phase 2 dose is ruxolitinib 20mg BID with 150mg erlotinib daily. Treatment-related AEs were all grade 1-3. The most frequent treatment related clinical adverse events (all grade 1-3) were anemia (25%), diarrhea (25%), rash (25%), pain (17%), fatigue (8%), and pneumonitis (8%). The most frequent treatment-related laboratory adverse events (all grade 1-2) were anemia (33%), elevated ALT (17%), elevated AST (17%), and hyperbilirubinemia (8%). Of the 12 pts treated, 2 (17%) required a dose reduction of erlotinib for treatment emergent toxicities; both subjects were on lower doses of erlotinib than 150mg daily prior to study enrollment. There were no dose reductions of ruxolitinib. Of 12 evaluable patients, no partial responses were seen. The median-progression free survival is 3 months. Two patients remain on study. One patient has been on study for 10 months with ongoing stable disease. Nine patients (75%) came off study for progression, 1 (8%) for toxicity. One person discontinued treatment on study for grade 3 pneumonitis, possibly related to the combination of erlotinib and ruxolitinib. The symptoms resolved with discontinuation of erlotinib and ruxolitinib.

      Combination erlotinib and ruxolitinib is well-tolerated. The phase 2 dose of ruxolitinib is 20mg BID in combination with erlotinib. There were no partial responses, but durable disease control was seen in some patients. The phase 2 study of erlotinib and ruxolitinib in this population is ongoing.

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