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MINI 16 - EGFR Mutant Lung Cancer 2 (ID 130)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:G.J. Riely, M.C. Garassino
- Coordinates: 9/08/2015, 16:45 - 18:15, Four Seasons Ballroom F3+F4
MINI16.11 - Plasma HGF Reduction Is Associated with Better Prognosis in EGFR-Positive Advanced Lung Adenocarcinoma Patients Treated with Afatinib (ID 1729)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): I. Martínez-Alvarez
Afatinib, an irreversible tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), has shown clinical benefits and prolonged progression free survival in EGFR mutated patients. HGF, a ligand of c-MET, may be involved in resistance to EGFR-TKIs.
A total of 66 patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma (stage IIB and IV) and documented progression to first-line chemotherapy were enrolled to receive afatinib 40 mg/day. Mutational EGFR and HER-2 status were assessed by RT-PCR. HER2 amplification was evaluated by FISH. Plasma HGF levels were measured by ELISA before and 2 months after the start of treatment with afatinib. We assessed the change in plasma HGF levels and the association with objective response rate (ORR), progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). The protocol is registered in ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01542437).
We identified 2 patients carrying a HER2 mutation and both presented stable disease (SD). HER2 amplification was not detected. HGF-positive plasma reduction status had a significant higher ORR (75.0% vs 44.1% p= 0.011), and was strongly associated with longer PFS (HR 0.40 [95% CI 0.18 - 0.87], p= 0.02) and OS (HR 0.31 [0.13 - 0.71] p=0.006). A stratified multivariate analysis in EGFR mutated patients showed that the HGF plasma levels reduction remains as a significant and independent factor associated with longer PFS (HR 0.34 [95% CI 0.13 - 0.89] p= 0.04) and OS (HR 0.34 [95% CI 0.13 - 0.88] p= 0.02).
HGF plasma levels reduction is strongly related to better outcomes with afatinib therapy, irrespective of EGFR mutation status. The lack of reduction might allow the identification of a subgroup of patients who will not expected to respond and could benefit with the use of drugs targeting the HGF-c-Met axis. Further studies are warranted.