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C. Lee

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    MINI 16 - EGFR Mutant Lung Cancer 2 (ID 130)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
    • Presentations: 1
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      MINI16.07 - AZD9291 in Treatment-Naïve EGFRm Advanced NSCLC: AURA First-Line Cohort (ID 1232)

      16:45 - 18:15  |  Author(s): C. Lee

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      AZD9291 is an oral, potent, irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) selective for both EGFR-sensitizing (EGFRm) and T790M resistance mutations. It has shown anticancer activity and manageable tolerability in patients with EGFRm advanced NSCLC that had progressed after EGFR‑TKI treatment.

      In this first-line expansion cohort (AURA, NCT01802632), patients received AZD9291 at 80 or 160 mg/day, in sequential dose groups. EGFRm status was determined locally and/or by central testing using the cobas EGFR Mutation Test. Other inclusion criteria included measurable disease, World Health Organization performance status (WHO PS) 0 or 1, and acceptable organ function; stable brain metastases were allowed. Safety, tolerability, and anticancer activity were assessed in these cohorts, to evaluate AZD9291 in the first-line treatment setting. The data cut-off was December 2, 2014.

      Sixty treatment-naïve patients were enrolled; 30 patients in each dose group (80 or 160 mg/day). By central testing, EGFR mutation subtypes were: L858R 40%; exon 19 deletion, 37%; other EGFR-sensitizing mutations, 3%; and T790M, 8%. Baseline median age was 63.5 years; 25% of patients were male; 57%/43% had WHO PS 0/1, respectively; 72% were Asian and 23% Caucasian. Median treatment exposure at the 80 and 160 mg dose levels was 260 and 171 days, respectively. Fifty-two out of 60 patients remained on treatment at the data cut-off. Anticancer activity of AZD9291 is shown in Table 1. One-third (33%) of patients experienced Grade ≥3 adverse events; two patients had Grade 3 diarrhea and one patient had Grade 3 skin rash. New data from a 2015 data cut of the AURA first-line expansion will be available for presentation.

      Table 1. Anticancer activity findings in AURA first-line expansion
      Endpoint Finding
      Objective response rate:
      Overall 70% (95% CI 57, 81)
      AZD9291 80 mg/160 mg 60%/80%
      Disease control rate:
      Overall 97% (95% CI 89, 100)
      AZD9291 80 mg/160 mg 93%/100%
      Progression-free survival:
      Median Not yet reached
      3-month/6-month 93%/87%
      Events to date 7/60 (12% mature)

      AZD9291 has a manageable tolerability profile and is associated with promising anticancer activity in treatment-naïve patients with EGFRm advanced NSCLC. A Phase III study (FLAURA, NCT02296125) has been initiated to assess the efficacy and safety of AZD9291 in comparison with a standard-of-care EGFR-TKI (gefitinib or erlotinib) in the first-line setting.

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