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MINI 15 - Chemotherapy Developments for Lung Cancer (ID 128)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI15.08 - A Phase II Study of Pemetrexed plus Carboplatin Followed by Maintenance Pemetrexed in Elderly Patients with Advanced Non-Squamous NSCLC (ID 2453)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): T. Abe
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for >80% of all lung cancers, and the risk of lung cancer clearly increases with advancing age. Because of the progressive aging of population, the number of elderly patients with NSCLC is increasing and the desease is becoming an increasing public health problem worldwide. We previously reported a phase I study that recommended a dose of carboplatin (Cb, area under the curve = 5) plus pemetrexed (PEM, 500 mg/m) for elderly (≥75-years-old) patients with non-squamous NSCLC. Furthermore, PEM maintenance therapy, following the combination therapy, was also found to be well tolerated. Therefore, we conducted a multicenter phase II trial to evaluated the efficacy and safety of Cb (area under the curve = 5) plus PEM (500 mg/m) followed by maintenance PEM for elderly (≥75-years-old) patients with non-squamous NSCLC.
Treated patients received 4 courses of Cb plus PEM, followed by maintenance PEM, without showing disease progression or severe toxicities. The primary endpoint was the 1-year overall survival (OS) rate, and the secondary endpoints were OS, progression free survival (PFS), response rate (RR), and safety.
Thirty four patients were enrolled between June 2012 and May 2013. All patients had an ECOG performance status 0 or 1, and adenocarcinoma. The median patient age was 77 years (75-84 years). Twenty four patients were male and ten patients were female. Three patients harbored activating epidermal growth factor recepter mutation (exon19 or 21). The median observation time was 22.7 months. In clinical outcome, the overall RR was 41.2%, and the disease control rate was 85.3%. No patient showed a complete response, 14 showed partial responses, 15 showed stable disease, 4 showed disease progression, and 1 was not evaluated. The maintenance therapy rate was 58.8%. The median PFS for all patients was 5.7 months (95% confidence interval, 3.3–8.5 months), whereas the median OS was 20.5 months (95% confidence interval, 7.8–25.4 months). The 1-year OS rate was 58.0%. In adverse events (total phase of this study), hematological adverse events ≥grade 3 were leucopenia (in 23.5% of patients), neutropenia (55.9%), anemia (35.3%), and thrombocytopenia (20.6%), and major non-hematological adverse events ≥grade 3 were febrile neutropenia (in 8.8% of patients), increased levels of aminotransferase (5.9%), infection (23.5%), and anorexia/fatigue (5.9%). There was 1 treatment-related death due to interstitial lung disease.
The combination of Cb plus PEM followed by maintenance PEM was effective and reasonably well tolerated in chemotherapy-naïve elderly (≥75-years-old) patients with non-squamous NSCLC. This data was promising and valuable to conduct the phase III study compared with docetaxel (DOC) monotherapy in the first-line setting. Now, the phase III trial compared Cb plus PEM followed by maintenance PEM with DOC for chemotherapy-naïve elderly (≥75-years-old) patients with non-squamous NSCLC (JCOG1210/WJOG7813L: UMIN000011460) is ongoing and the result is warranted. Clinical trial information: UMIN000004810
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