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MINI 07 - ChemoRT and Translational Science (ID 110)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Treatment of Locoregional Disease – NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
MINI07.11 - Isotoxic Dose Escalation and Acceleration in Lung Cancer Chemoradiotherapy (ID 1522)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): J. Hicks
RTOG 0617 investigated standard dose radiotherapy (RT) versus higher dose in the context of concurrent chemoRT with no advantage to higher dose treatment. IDEAL CRT investigated an alternative RT dose-escalation strategy with concurrent chemoRT in locally advanced NSCLC. Dose-per-fraction-escalation was used to achieve intensification without treatment prolongation. The trial would determine the maximum tolerable dose (MTD) deliverable to esophagus, and assess toxicity and early clinical outcomes for the schedule.
Patients were enrolled to 2 groups, depending on maximum esophageal dose. Tumor doses were determined by esophageal constraints in Group 1 and other normal tissue constraints in Group 2. Patients received 63-73Gy in 30 once-daily fractions / 6 weeks with 2 concurrent cycles of cisplatin and vinorelbine. Group 1 esophageal dose-escalation followed a 6+6 design, increasing maximum dose to 1cc esophagus from 65Gy, 68Gy then 71Gy in successive cohorts, defining MTD by early and late toxicity. Efficacy endpoints were overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and tumor response.
8 centres recruited 84 patients, treating 13, 12 and 10 in 65Gy, 68Gy and 71Gy group 1 cohorts. Prescribed RT doses are shown in figure 1. Median follow-up 24 months. 57 patients (68%) were stage IIIa and 21 (25%) IIIb. 5 grade 3 esophagitis events observed across both groups and 3 grade 3 pneumonitis. Following 1 fatal esophageal perforation in the 71Gy cohort, 68Gy was declared as esophageal MTD. Overall Survival (OS) and Progression Free Survival (PFS) were 87.8% and 72.0% at 1 year, and 67.1% and 50.4% at 2 years, median OS 39.3 months. OS is shown in figure 2. Figure 1 Figure 2
Acceptable toxicity rates and promising survival were achieved. The isotoxic design proved practical, allowing significant treatment intensification and definition of MTD with relatively few patients. Results from longer follow-up are required and will be presented at the meeting.
ORAL 26 - Clinical Trials 2 (ID 127)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Thymoma, Mesothelioma and Other Thoracic Malignancies
- Presentations: 1
ORAL26.05 - Symptom Study of Radiotherapy in Mesothelioma (SYSTEMS), a Phase II Study (ID 390)
10:45 - 12:15 | Author(s): J. Hicks
There is little evidence to support the use of radiotherapy in treating pain in malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), however it is widely used. The aim of the present study was to assess the role of radiotherapy in palliating pain in MPM.
A multi-centre, single arm, phase II study was conducted in the UK. Eligible patients met the following criteria: a diagnosis of MPM; worst pain score of > 4/10; performance status 0-2; CT scan within eight weeks of radiotherapy; due to receive radiotherapy for pain. Patients who had received anti-cancer therapy in the previous 6 weeks were ineligible. The following key assessments were performed at study baseline: pain (Brief Pain Inventory), Quality of Life (EORTC QLQ-C30) and inflammation (CRP). Following this, all patients were treated with 20 Gray in five fractions to the area of tumour felt to be responsible for the pain. The primary endpoint was a 30% drop in the BPI score five weeks after radiotherapy. Patients were followed up for 12 weeks after radiotherapy.
Forty patients were recruited between June 2012 and December 2013. Mean age was 71 with a male to female ratio of 7 : 1. Histological diagnosis was present in 85% of patients; 52.5% epithelioid, 25% sarcomatoid, 7.5% biphasic and 15% unspecified. The mean response to radiotherapy at five weeks was 35% (95% CI 20.6-51.7%). 37 patients started radiotherapy and 35 patients completed the full course. Fourteen patients had received prior chemotherapy. No association between baseline CRP and response was observed (p=0.958). Only one patient had a radiological response on CT with stable disease seen in a further 13 patients. There was no significant change in quality of life (QoL) score at any timepoint (p=0.680 week 1, p=0.765 week 5, p=0.384 week 12).
Radiotherapy provides effective pain relief in a proportion of patients with MPM and should be considered for all patients with MPM related pain. Randomised dose escalation studies are now warranted and funding has been secured for such a study, SYSTEMS 2.
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