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ORAL 22 - Moving Beyond a Smoking Related-Cancer to the Young, Never-smokers and Inherited Disease (ID 117)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Biology, Pathology, and Molecular Testing
- Presentations: 1
ORAL22.01 - Increasing Incidence of Never Smokers in Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Patients (ID 707)
10:45 - 12:15 | Author(s): A. Madrigales
It is estimated that 10-15% of lung cancer cases occur in never smokers. The cause of lung cancer in these patients includes many possible environmental factors but the precise cause in a given case is often uncertain. Additionally, there has been significant debate about whether the rate of lung cancer in these never smokers is increasing. Using our institutions’ cancer registry data, our objective was to determine if the proportion of never smokers with lung cancer is increasing.
We conducted a retrospective study using lung cancer registry data from The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, Parkland Hospital in Dallas, and Vanderbilt University in Nashville. These registries were queried between 1990 and 2013 for demographic information including gender, age at diagnosis, diagnosis [non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) or small cell lung cancer (SCLC)], and self-reported smoking history. A total of 10,568 NSCLC cases and 1504 SCLC cases were analyzed. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the incidence of never smokers with lung cancer.
The percentage of never smokers increased among NSCLC pts between 1990 and 2013 [Table 1]. Univariate logistic regression demonstrated an increasing proportion of never smokers among NSCLC cases (p < 0.0001 for year) and multivariate logistic regression also demonstrates this increase (p < 0.0001 for year) after controlling for age and gender. Never smokers with NSCLC were more likely to be female (65.3%, p < 0.0001) than males. The increase in the percentage of NSCLC never smokers was seen at both university hospitals and the Dallas county hospital. In contrast, the percentage of never smokers among SCLC cases did not significantly increase during this time period. Table 1: Percentage of never smokers Figure 1
This multi-institution study demonstrates an increasing proportion of never smokers with NSCLC between 1990 and 2013 in a large, geographically and demographically diverse population. Because the biology and, thus, often the treatment options of lung cancer in never smokers differs from that of smokers, further investigation is warranted as to the etiology of the increasing incidence of never-smoker lung cancer.
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