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ORAL 18 - Non PD1 Immunotherapy and Angiogenesis (ID 114)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Oral Session
- Track: Treatment of Advanced Diseases - NSCLC
- Presentations: 1
ORAL18.01 - TG4010 Immunotherapy plus Chemotherapy as First Line Treatment of Advanced NSCLC: Phase 2b Results (ID 669)
10:45 - 12:15 | Author(s): F. Forget
TG4010 is an immunotherapy using an attenuated and modified poxvirus (MVA) coding for MUC1 and interleukin-2. Previous Phase 2 trials have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of TG4010 in combination with chemotherapy. In addition, Triple Positive Activated Lymphocytes (TrPAL; CD16+, CD56+, CD69+) was identified as a potential biomarker predictive of efficacy
TIME is a double blind, placebo-controlled phase 2b/3 study. The Phase 2b part compared first line chemotherapy combined with TG4010 or placebo and further assessed the predictive value of baseline level of TrPAL. Eligibility criteria included stage IV NSCLC not previously treated, MUC1+ tumor by immunohistochemistry, PS ≤1. TG4010 10 pfu or placebo was given SC weekly for 6 weeks (w), then every 3w up to progression in immediate combination with chemotherapy. Patients were randomized using TrPAL cut-off value (normal vs high) that was previously pre-determined in healthy subjects. Primary efficacy endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) using a Bayesian design to confirm that, with a 95% probability, the true hazard ratio (HR) is <1 in patients with normal TrPAL level. Secondary objectives were response rate (ORR), duration of response, survival, safety and subgroup analyses according to histology and level of TrPAL.
222 patients (pts) were randomized 1:1. In pts with normal TrPAL the study met the primary endpoint with a Bayesian probability of 98.4% that the PFS HR is <1 in favor of TG4010. In the whole study population, ORR was 39.6% vs 28.8% and duration of response was 30.1w versus 18.7w in the TG4010 and placebo arms respectively. Survival data will be presented at the time of the meeting. Preplanned subgroup analyses showed that PFS was significantly improved in the TG4010 arm in pts with low TrPAL (n=152; HR=0.66 [CI95% 0.46-0.95] p= 0.013) while it was not the case in pts with high TrPAL (n=70; HR=0.97 [CI 95% 0.55-1.73] p=0.463). In addition, PFS was also significantly improved in pts with non-squamous tumors (n=196; HR=0.69 [CI95% 0.51-0.94] p=0.009) as well as in pts with non-squamous tumors and low TrPAL (n=131; HR=0.61 [CI95% 0.42-0.89] p=0.005). In this last group, PFS at 9 months was 37% with TG4010 versus 18% with placebo. Frequency and severity of adverse events were similar in both treatment arms except injection site reactions which were more frequent in the TG4010 arm but all of mild or moderate intensity. Exploratory analysis of the impact of PDL1 expression in the tumor of patients treated with TG4010 in TIME study supports the activity of TG4010 whether the tumor is positive or negative for PDL1 expression.
These results provide additional data supporting the efficacy of TG4010, particularly in patients with non-squamous tumors and/or a low level of TrPAL at baseline. The Phase 3 part of the TIME study is planned to continue in patients with non-squamous tumors with OS as primary endpoint.
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