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A. Ben-Nun



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    MINI 12 - Biomarkers and Lung Nodule Management (ID 109)

    • Event: WCLC 2015
    • Type: Mini Oral
    • Track: Screening and Early Detection
    • Presentations: 1
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      MINI12.07 - Exhaled Breath Analysis in Lung Cancer - One Stop Shop for Diagnosis, Staging and EGFR Analysis (ID 2431)

      16:45 - 18:15  |  Author(s): A. Ben-Nun

      • Abstract
      • Presentation
      • Slides

      Background:
      Lung cancer (LC) is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States with more than 158,000 estimated deaths in 2015. Early detection of LC has been well established as a significant key point in patients' survival and prognosis, yet unfortunately, the vast majority of new LC patients are being diagnosed at advanced disease stages. Exhaled breath analysis can serve as a non-invasive method in early detection of LC. The tumor's micro-environment releases various compounds to blood, some of which are then exhaled at breath as Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). This study evaluates the potential of exhaled breath analysis in LC detection and to further diagnose histology, EGFR mutational status and to discriminate early from advanced disease in a multinational study.

      Methods:
      Breath samples were taken from untreated LC patients and matching controls. Patients were enrolled in a large tertiary referral hospital in Israel. Analysis was performed by gold nanoparticle-based Artificial Olfactory System (NaNoseĀ®) and Pattern recognition methods were used to analyze the results obtained from the NaNoseĀ®. Histology, EGFR mutation status and staging was taken from patient's files.

      Results:
      A total of 174 patients participated in this study, and Inter-group analysis of 80 LC patients (64 advanced stage) and 31 matched controls showed a significant discrimination between disease and control. Among all patients, 83 were adenocarcinoma and 11 were squamous. EGFR mutations were detected in 24 patients. The comparisons resulted in: early LC versus control: p < 0.0001; accuracy 85.11%, advanced LC versus control: p < 0.0001; accuracy 82.11%, early LC versus advanced LC: p < 0.0001; accuracy 78.75%. Histology (Adenocarcinoma vs. Squamous cell carcinoma) and EGFR status was also significantly determined by the volatile signature.

      Conclusion:
      Breath analysis may support early detection of cancer as well as histological diagnoses, staging and mutational testing in lung cancer. This innovative method may pose as an important non-invasive tool for lung cancer early detection, thus promoting better prognosis and therapeutic possibilities for patients.

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