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MINI 08 - Prognostic/Predictive Biomarkers (ID 106)
- Event: WCLC 2015
- Type: Mini Oral
- Track: Biology, Pathology, and Molecular Testing
- Presentations: 1
- Moderators:T.E. Stinchcombe, N. Pavlakis
- Coordinates: 9/07/2015, 16:45 - 18:15, Mile High Ballroom 4a-4f
MINI08.13 - Driver Mutation Status in Resected Stage I Lung Adenocarcinoma: Correlation with Radiographic CT Findings (ID 3251)
16:45 - 18:15 | Author(s): L.F. Tapias
To indentify the correlation of chest computed tomography appearance and the presence of oncogenic driver mutations in resected stage I lung adenocarcinoma
Patients with resected stage I lung adenocarcinoma were analyzed from 2008-2012 and categorized into 3 groups: pure ground glass (GGO), mix-solid and ground glass, and solid patterns. All patients underwent driver mutation analysis (26 genes and 89 point mutations) using a multiplex PCR-based assay from paraffin embedded tumors. Disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared between patients with EGFR, KRAS and the wild-type tumors using Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox regression models.
237 patients who underwent curative resection for stage I lung adenocarcinoma were analyzed with a median follow-up 34 months. Female gender was observed in 68% (160/237) and 21% (50/237) were nonsmokers. Pure GGO was indentified in 9% (n=21), mixed solid in 69% (n=164), and solid in 22% (n=52) of cases. EGFR and KRAS mutation rates were 18.6% (n= 44) and 34.6% (n= 82), respectively. Univariate analysis showed that KRAS-mutated tumors (HR 1.91, 95% CI 1.37-2.67; p<0.01), solid component > 50%, (HR 2.65, 95% CI 1.03-6.8; p=0.04), and smoking status (HR 3.59, 95% CI 1.1-11.8; p=0.03) were associated with worse DFS. In multivariate analysis only KRAS-mutated tumor (HR 1.84, 95% CI 1.31-2.59; p<0.01) was significant for worse DFS. KRAS-mutated tumor was also associated with worse OS in both univariate (HR 1.72, 95% CI 1.14-2.59; p=0.009) and multivariate (HR 1.65, 95% CI 1.09-2.49; p=0.018) analysis. Tumors that harbored >50% solid component on CT chest with a KRAS mutation were associated with worse DFS (HR 2.87, 95% CI 1.4-5.92; p=0.004) and OS (HR 2.51, 95% CI 1.03-6.1; p=0.04) in multivariate analysis compared to wild type tumors that were < 50% solid.
KRAS mutation status and percent solid component on chest CT were predictive of worse outcome in surgically resected stage I lung adenocarcinoma
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